A look back to Racing in the 1930's - Qld Gallops - Racehorse TALK

Racehorse TALK

A look back to Racing in the 1930's - Qld Gallops - Racehorse TALK

Author Topic: A look back to Racing in the 1930's  (Read 575 times)

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O.P. « 2019-May-09, 11:18 AM »
This is an extract from the Royal Commission into Racing in 1930 dealing with registered racing ......later I'll post the extract which cover unregistered racing which was the poor relation...the admission charges didn't transfer as intended the fees shown are gentlemen 12/- shillings Ladies 9/3 nine shillingsand threepence Leger and Flat fees also show equal cost for both sexes....Albion Park admission 11/- and 5/- for Paddock ...all well before our time......when I started going racing there was an entertainment tax the paddock was 12/6.......QTC in charge only three stewards....all inquiries open to the press ....800 horses in training...95 metropolitan trainers 62 Permits to train (other than at EF) 111 metro bookies....average attendances massive compared to today's number.

Racing in the area covered by the ambit of the Commission is at present provided by a number of associations, clubs, and proprietaries racing under two entirely independent forms of control. These are known to the public as " Registered " and " Unregistered " Racing.
" Registered" Racing may shortly be described as racing conducted by clubs or other bodies for the time being registered with The Queensland Turf Club, which is " the Principal Club" for Southern Queensland, under certain rules known as the Australian Rules of Racing. These rules were framed and adopted about the year 1912, by the leading racing bodies throughout Australia, as the result of a number of conferences held with the object of framing a set of uniform rules suitable for Australian racing conditions. They give to the Principal Club final control in all matters relating to racing within its area.
By " Unregistered" Racing, on the other hand, is meant all that racing, including trotting, which is carried on by clubs or other bodies or proprietaries not registered with The Queensland Turf Club, and consequently not bound by the Australian Rules of Racing.
These clubs and proprietaries are, however, for the most part, associated together for certain purposes, some of which are set out in what are known as the Associated Board Rules. These rules provide for a Board to hear appeals, and for a Licensing Committee, and deal with certain other racing matters. They do not give a governing control to any central representative body in racing matters generally.
Some of these bodies, in addition to galloping events, make provision for trotting. The Brisbane Trotting Club provides for trotting events only.
Clubs.—The registered clubs are The Queensland Turf Club, Tattersall's
Club, and The Brisbane Amateur Turf Club.
Racecourses.—The racecourses owned or controlled by these clubs are Eagle Farm, Albion Park, and Deagon. The last-mentioned course is under purchase by The Brisbane Amateur Turf Club, but has not been used for racing since 1922. Tattersall's Club races at Eagle Farm, by arrangement with The Queensland Turf Club.
Race Days.—The Queensland Turf Club, as Principal Club, allots the race days of the registered clubs.
In 1929 sixty-two registered race meetings were held in the area, namely on each Saturday and on the following public holidays, viz.:—
New Year's Day   Labour Day
Foundation Day   King's Birthday
St. Patrick's Day   Exhibition Day (Wednesday)
Easter Monday   Boxing Day
and also on the Monday in Exhibition week and on the second Wednesday in November.
The Queensland Turf Club itself raced on twenty-six days, including all the above holidays and the Wednesday in November.
Tattersall's Club was allotted five Saturdays. The Brisbane Amateur Turf Club raced on thirty Saturdays and on the Monday in Exhibition week.
Stipendary Stewards.—The Queensland Turf Club, as Principal Club, appoints three stipendary stewards, who are present at, and whose powers include complete control of all racing matters during every meeting of a registered club.
These stewards are appointed at substantial annual salaries which are contributed to by the registered clubs.
Appeals.—Appeals lie against decisions of the stewards to the Committee of The Queensland Turf Club, whose meetings on the hearing of appeals are open to the Press. The appeal is in the nature of a rehearing, and the appellant is entitled to the assistance of counsel. The decision of the Committee is final.
Registration of Horses and Licensees.—Before being nominated for any event at a registered race meeting, a horse must first have been registered with the Australian Registrar of Racehorses or his Deputy, and all persons taking part at any such meeting in the capacity of trainer, stable hand, apprentice, jockey, bookmaker, or bookmaker's clerk must first receive the license of the Principal Club, which license is required to be renewed annually.
Prize Money.—The minimum prize money distributable at any race meeting of a registered club is determined by the Principal Club. The present minimum so determined is £1,200 for a meeting of six events.
Admission Fees.—The fees charged to the public for admission are as
follows :—
To Eagle Farm—    Gentlemen.
8.   d.   Ladies.
8.   d.
To the Paddock . .   . .   12   0   9   3
To the Leger   .   ..   3   9   3   9
To the Flat   ..   1   0   1   0
To Albion Park—                
To the Paddock ..   11   0   6   0
To the Leger   ..   2   9   2   9

Persons paying for admission to the Paddock at Albion Park can also obtain admission to the Members' Enclosure on payment of a further fee of 2s. 9d.
Number of Horses in Training, &c.—The number of horses in training or in preparation for registered racing in the area for the year 1929 was about eight hundred.
Number of Licensees and Employees.—The following table shows the approximate number of the respective classes of licensees registered in 1929 :—
Metropolitan Trainers ..       95
Permits to train       ..   62
Stable employees       118
Metropolitan Jockeys       78
Apprentice Jockeys       34
Bookmakers' Clerks       162
Metropolitan Bookmakers   •   •   111

Probably at least an equal number of unlicensed persons was employed, permanently and as casual hands, in connection with the two registered courses.
Public Attendances.—The average attendances per meeting at Eagle Farm and Albion Park during the year ended 30th June, 1929, were as follows :—
Eagle Farm for twenty-six meetings, 6,800 ;
Albion Park for thirty-one meetings, 4,617.

ENDS ..but more to come have altered the format to make it more user friendly
Giddy Up :beer:
« Last Edit: 2019-May-10, 05:11 PM by Arsenal »

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« 2019-May-10, 05:36 PM Reply #1 »
Racing Bodies.—Unregistered racing was provided during 1929 by
clubs and proprietaries racing under the following names :—
Kedron Amateur Racing Club.
Coorparoo Turf Club.
Goodna Amateur Race Club.
Strathpine Turf Club.
West Moreton District Amateur Race Club.
Ipswich Amateur Turf Club.
Metropolitan Owners, Trainers, and Jockeys' Association.
The Brisbane Trotting Club raced during 1928 but held no meetings during 1929.
Racecourses.—Kedron Amateur Racing Club is the premier unregistered racing concern and races at Kedron Park.
Coorparoo Turf Club, which is the name under which Brisbane Amusements Limited conducts its meetings, carries on its racing at Coorparoo.
The Goodna Race Club, which is proprietary, races at Goodna, and sometimes also at Kedron Park.
The Strathpine Turf Club, which is also proprietary, races at Strathpine.
The Ipswich Amateur Turf Club, The Metropolitan Owners, Trainers, and Jockeys' Association, and the West Moreton District Amateur Race Club, race at Bundamba.
The Brisbane Trotting Club, when it held meetings, raced at Coorparoo.
Race Days.—The following table shows the extent of unregistered racing during the year ended 30th June, 1929, and the days of the week on which such racing was conducted :—
Racing Body.   No. of Meetings held.   Day on which Meeting held.
      Monday.   Tuesday.   Thursday.
1   Friday.
Kedron Amateur Racing Club   53   47         
Ipswich Amateur Turf Club ..   12           11   1
Goodna Amateur Race Club ..   12           12*   
Strathpine Turf Club ..   12           12   
Coorparoo Turf Club ..   15   5   10   
    104   47   10   46   1
* Four of the meetings held at Kedron.
It will thus be seen that, during that year, unregistered racing, which always takes place on week days, was responsible for one hundred and four meetings, more than half of which were held at Kedron Park, and most of which were held on Mondays and Thursdays.
None of these meetings were held on any day on which a registered meeting was conducted.
Stipendiary Stewards.—Each unregistered body appoints its own stewards—three in number. These stewards, when paid, receive sums ranging from £5 5s. Od. per meeting downwards.
Racing Rules.—With the exception of The West Moreton District Amateur Race Club, which races under the rules of the West Moreton District Racing Association, and The Brisbane Trotting Club, which races under its own rules, all the unregistered bodies race under the rules of the Kedron Amateur Racing Club. These rules give the stewards similar powers to those exercisable by the stipendary stewards of the registered clubs.
Appeals.—The Kedron Park rules of racing and certain resolutions adopted in November, 1922, by representatives of Kedron, Coorparoo, Goodna, and Strathpine, make provision for the hearing by an Appeal Board of appeals from decisions of the stewards of the bodies associated therewith. Nominally, this Board consists of a representative of each of the bodies asssociated, one of whom acts as Chairman. As at present constituted, it consists of five persons nominally representative of each of five associated bodies. Provision is made for the appearance of counsel for appellants and for the admission of the Press.
Licensing Committee.—The above resolutions also make provision for a Licensing Committee of four persons with power to deal with applicants for licenses. There is in fact no separate Licensing Committee, but the Appeal. Board has for some years issued all licenses to jockeys and has recently instituted the licensing of trainers.
Licenses issued' to jockeys are of two classes, the one, issued for a higher fee, entitling the licensee to ride at any meeting of an associated body, the other entitling him to ride at meetings other than those held by the Kedron Amateur Racing Club.
Although the Kedron rules of racing make no provision on the point, the associated bodies in fact maintain a system of registration of horses.
Prize Money.—There is no fixed scale for prize money amongst the associated bodies.
Kedron distributes the largest sums. Its prize moneys average about £405 at ordinary meetings for a programme of seven races.
The occasional provision at certain special meetings of larger prizes raises this average to about £447.
None of the other associated bodies approaches such an amount. Coorparoo, which is the next highest, distributes £120 to £135 for a programme of six races ; Strathpine, £115 to £130 ; and Goodna about £120 for a similar programme. The Ipswich Amateur Turf Club gives about £120.
The Metropolitan Owners, Trainers, and Jockeys' Association, which so far has held only one meeting, distributed £217 at that meeting.
The West Moreton District Association held one meeting during 1929, with prize money of £250 guaranteed by a resident of Thagoona.
Many of the meetings above referred to have been held at a loss. This we deal with more fully later.
The Brisbane Trotting Club, which has not lately held any meetings, distributed in 1928 about £100 at each monthly meeting.
Admission Fees.—The admission fees charged by the undermentioned unregistered bodies are shown in the following table :—
Racing Body.           Paddock.       Leger.
      Gentlemen.   Ladies.   
        s.   d.   s.   d.   s.   d.
Kedron Amateur Racing Club       10   0   5   0   2   9
Goodna       10   0   5   0       
Coorparoo Turf Club       10   0   3   0   3   0
Strathpine Turf Club       10   0   3   0       
Ipswich Amateur Turf Club       6   0           2   0
Metropolitan   Owners,   Trainers,   and Jockeys'   10   0   2   0       

Number of Horses in Training.—The number of horses in training or in preparation for unregistered racing for the year 1929 was about three hundred and fifty.
Number of Licensees and Employees.—The approximate number of owners, trainers, jockeys, and other employees engaged in or about unregistered racing during 1929 was one hundred and seventy-six.
This total does not include bookmakers and their assistants.
Public Attendances.—The average public attendances at the various unregistered racecourses during 1929 were approximately as follows :—
Kedron       ..   1,350
Coorparoo   • •       ..   300
Goodna   • •   • •           180
Strathpine   •   •   230
Bundamba (Ipswich Amateur Turf Club)           400
The attendances at meetings held by The Brisbane Trotting Club at
Coorparoo, during 1928, averaged about one hundred and seventy.

Registered racing, as we found it in the area, is conducted by clubs formed by the association of persons imbued with love of the sport. It is carried on almost entirely during the leisure hours of the community. The racing is controlled, at all stages, in accordance with rules approved by the leading Australian race clubs, by men of standing. The meetings are attended, to a a very considerable extent, by a public, of both sexes, in search of recreation and not primarily with a view to gain. :whistle:

On the other hand, Unregistered racing in and around Brisbane is conducted almost entirely by a few monopolists as a money-making concern. It is carried on during the working week. The personnel in control is not of the same standing as that in charge of Registered racing. The racing itself is of an inferior character. It caters for horses of a generally inferior standard. The prize money offered is frequently, indeed generally, insignificant. The races are run over short distances, and constitute no test of stamina. Its patrons are drawn from a strictly limited section of the community, almost exclusively male, who attend the meetings in the hope of gain.
It is these substantial differences that have necessitated the separate treatment of Registered and Unregistered racing.


Obviously the Commissioners are clearly biased towards  registered racing ...but it's comment that patrons at the registered meetings run by the  QTC go there....."in search of recreation and not primarily with a view to gain"....is hard to swallow....if the patrons were seeking recreation they would be out playing tennis ..croquet.. lawn bowls  or golf ......I remember W J Booshand who my father knew came over from the ponies to the registered racing no doubt there were many others who took the opportunity to better themselves.

There's nothing wrong in attending a meeting whether registered or unregistered in the hope of getting a quid ..or gain as the RC  described it ...racing today depends on the punters' dollar without punters they would be racing for next to nothing....... I remember Johnno Mann a long time MLA for the State seat of Brisbane and later Speaker being harrassed by one of the newspapers for attending one or other of the weekday meetings...one of my uncles was a member of the ALP and he arranged for me to meet Johnno with a view to getting me a public service job ..I was only 19 or 20 at the time and looking for a decent job having worked in a number of dead end low paid jobs since leaving school. Johnno was a big tough strong looking fellow dressed as I recall in shirt sleeves and braces he got me an interview with the PSC which led to me getting a job in the MRD...when I left his office he told me to come and see him again if I didn't do any good.

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« 2019-May-13, 06:51 PM Reply #2 »
Race Clubs

(a)   The Queensland Turf Club.
(b)   The Brisbane Amateur Turf Club.
(c)   Tattersall's Club.
(a) The Queensland Turf Club.
The Queensland Turf Club is a bona fide club, and is the premier racing club in the Southern Division of Queensland. Its objects embrace the helding of meetings for purposes of recreation and the improvement of the breed of horses and the formulation of rules for the conduct of racing in Southern Queensland.
The Club consists of persons of good repute duly elected by ballot of. the committee after nomination by an existing member. Members pay ail. entrance fee of £10 and an annual subscription of £3 3s.
The management is vested in a committee of twelve, six of whom, being those longest in office, retire in each year. Their successors are elected by postal ballot of the members. Each candidate for the committee must be a member of the Club, and must be nominated in writing by a member of the club twenty-four days before the date of the Annual Meeting.
The rules provide for the limitation of members to eight, hundred, which number was reached some years ago.
This limitation was fixed in July, 1923, by resolution of the members in general meeting, and has since been adhered to by large majorities, notwithstanding various attempts to have it raised.
It is difficult to estimate the reasons which prompt individual members to adhere to this limit. On the last occasion on which the question was raised, the Annual General Meeting, of July, 1929, the committee, being divided on the point, made no recommendation, but left the matter entirely open to the members. Individual members of committee spoke for and against an altera¬tion of the rule, and finally the motion for an increase to nine hundred was defeated by an overwhelming majority.
Before this division was taken the Treasurer had argued strongly against an increase of membership on the ground of probable financial loss to the Club. No doubt this consideration affected some members. Others were probably influenced by more or less selfish reasons. Some perhaps considered that, as their Club's limitation was already more liberal than that in force in the Victorian Racing Club and the Australian Jockey Club, there was no reason for altering it. Possibly others considered that the members' accommodation was already sufficiently taxed.
The normal waiting list is not unduly large. The number of would-be members is in the vicinity of eighty, of whom between thirty and forty are admitted annually by reason of deaths, resignations, &c.
Some witnesses suggested that it was improper to have a limitation at all, and that a higher entrance fee and annual subscription should be charged and the limitation of members abolished. Alternatively, they suggested that the limit should be raised.
No satisfactory reasons were, however, established for any statutory interference with the decision of the members on this point.
All moneys received by the Club, from whatever source, are used, expended, and disposed of in prize money, expenses of maintenance, improve¬ments, the payment of taxation, and donations to charities.
Proper books of account are kept, which correctly disclose the manner in which and the purposes for which all moneys are disposed of and expended.
(b) The Brisbane Amateur Turf Club.
The bona fides of this club has, from its inception, been generally doubted by the racing community. The Commission consequently devoted great attention to this question. A very considerable body of evidence, both verbal and documentary, was taken on the point. The witnesses included one of the vendors, Mr. Wren, the promoter of the Club, Mr. G. M. Dash, the first Chairman of Committee, Mr. A. M. Oxlade, and several original members.
The question for decision, as your Commissioners interpret the Com¬mission, is whether the body of persons now in possession of Albion Park under the name Brisbane Amateur Turf Club " is really a club or society conducting, under a given constitution and set of rules, race meetings for its own benefit, or whether that body of persons is merely an agency, carrying on for Messrs. Nathan and Wren, under the guise of such a club, and under cover of a pretended contract of purchase, the business theretofore conducted by them personally on that racecourse.
The evidence relevant to the issue so raised may be stated as follows :—
The first connection of the Melbourne partnership of Nathan and Wren with Queensland racing was on the purchase in 1909 of Albion Park for £31,000. Thereafter, the firm carried on a racing business there under the name "Albion Park Jockey Club."
Being desirous, as Mr. Wren now admits, of securing a monopoly of metropolitan racing in Brisbane outside Eagle Farm, they proceeded gradually to acquire, partly in their own names and partly in the names or through the agency of various associates, control of all the other courses or projected courses surrounding Brisbane.
Thus, in 1911, the Sandgate Course was bought right out. In 1912, Kedron Park, together with a right to hold night races on the Brisbane Cricket Ground at Woolloongabba, was acquired in the name of Mr. Frederick Thomas, of Melbourne. In 1915, the agreement already referred to was made with the trustees of Bundamba. In 1919, a controlling interest was acquired in the company owning Doomben. In 1920, a lease was secured over Goodna by two gentlemen, one of whom was Mr. Lawrence, manager of Kedron Park. In 1922, Strathpine was bought outright by Mr. T. G. Jones, of Melbourne, a son-in-law of Mr. Nathan. Finally, in November, 1922, a controlling interest was secured in Coorparoo, the only course then remaining outside the combine.
Thus, by the end of 1922, the desired monopoly was completely attained, and the monopolists had nothing further to fear except from a possible interference by Parliament.
During the years covered by these transactions, which were carried through without publicity and screened by the retention of the names of clubs as operating the various courses, the public and the Press had more than a suspicion of what was going on.
Resentment at the alleged operations of Southern racing syndicates found expression as early as 1914 in a motion tabled in Parliament for the suppression of proprietary racing and in numerous articles in the Press. These indications of public feeling in no way deterred Messrs. Nathan and Wren from consolidating their position. The Press attacks became intensified on its becoming known, late in 1922, that Coorparoo, as well as all the other courses, had passed under the control of some Southern syndicate.
With the alleged object of retaining for the racing public of Brisbane some proportion of the vast profit believed to be derived by Melbourne interests from Albion Park and the other allied concerns, Mr. Dash, then proprietor of a weekly newspaper, in conjunction with one of the leading dailies, commenced simultaneously a strong agitation against proprietary racing and a movement for the formation of a new racing club. This was early in January, 1923.
Possibly Messrs. Nathan and Wren were alarmed by this development and thought the time had come to sell ; possibly, being now in an unassail¬able position and minded to sell on their own terms, they encouraged and even inspired it. Yet it is fair to say that both Wren and Dash deposed to being strangers one to the other at that date and to being at arm's length throughout the subsequent transactions.
Wherever the truth lies—and it is difficult to reach a conclusion one way or the other, particularly as several of the persons alleged to have been connected with the movement for a new club have since died—Wren came forward with a proposition to lease his courses to the proposed new club. Negotiations followed, and finally an arrangement for the sale to the new club, which had been formed in the meantime, of Albion Park and Deagon, was come to on 21st March, 1923.
This agreement, already referred to, is embodied in Exhibits 20 and 21. (See Appendix C.)
Its terms themselves raise doubts as to whether, they were the result of a genuine attempt to bargain. It purports to have effect as from 1st January, 1923. In substance, it provides for the sale of Albion Park and Deagon; =for £450,000, payable by a deposit of £10,000, the balance to be paid by equal monthly instalments of £4,000 without interest, the first instalment becoming due on 1st May, 1923, The vendors, at their option, might, however, charge interest at 7 per cent on overdue instalments, or might, on default, cancel the sale and forfeit all payments already made. The consideration was apportioned, as to £50,000, to tangible assets and, as to £400,000, to goodwill. Neither the trustees nor the members of the club were to be liable in person or property for the performance of covenants. This meant, seeing that the club had no assets, that the purchase price, other than the deposit, was to be paid out of future profits. Obviously, too, the price included capitalised interest over the period of payment, about nine years. At 7 per cent. this would make the cash value approximately £334,000.
Wren stated in evidence that the annual profits of the firm from Albion Park immediately-prior Ito the sale were about £S0,000 and increasing, and that Dash had examined the books before purchasing. The profits for the first four months' of 1923; which, under the contract, became the property of the purchaser, in fact exceeded £10,000, but it is difficult to understand how Dash, if he had ieally, exapined the books, brought himself to consent, on behalf of his club, or succeeded in inducing the other promoters of the club to consent, to a contract calling for annual instalments of £48,000. Particularly is this so as the promoters must have contemplated as not unlikely the possibility of The Queensland Turf Club reducing the number of racing dates allotted to Albion Park and increasing the minimum prize money prescribed for a meeting. On these points no efforts had then been made to seek reassurance.
Possibly Dash's action may be accounted for by sanguine optimism, while the fact that club members were to incur no liability may account for the action of the executive of the club in accepting such a contract.
Apart from some such explanation consistent with honesty of purpose, the execution for the club of this agreement, imposing on it financial burdens almost obviously impossible of performance, appears, at; the present time at all events, intelligible only on the supposition that the document was signed, not as a genuine contract intended and expected by the. parties to be fulfilled, but with a view to some ulterior scheme concerted between them.
Needless to say, the club has never been able' to make the stipulated payments. It was urged that this inability was due, notwithstanding a growth in income in the early stages, to an unexpected increase by The Queensland Turf Club in the minimum prize money distributable at a meeting, and to the imposition of income tax. As already shown, hoWever, an increase in minimum prize money should have been and probably was contemplated. And although the imposition of income tax was unexpected, and made, a very heavy drain on the club's resources, the gross receipts, even in the absence of that tax, would still have been substantially insufficient to enable the performance of the contract.
On the execution of the agreement, a cheque for £10,000, dated 21st March, 1923, and signed on behalf of the club, was handed to the vendors in payment of the deposit.
This was another circumstance calling for explanation. At the time, the club had no moneys to meet this cheque. It was not presented for payment until 3rd, April, 1923. Meanwhile, the club, which had arranged with Dash for a loan cf £10,000 at 10 per cent. interest, had received £8,000, part of such loan, from Dash, and had also received from the vendors, as part of the profits for 1923, which were to go to the club, the sum of £6,878 13s. 7d. It was thus that the club was enabled to meet the cheque when preScnteLL
The Commission was unable to satisfy itself from what source Mr.,,Das1-4f-who admitted that, the loan was not made from his own moneys, was able to make this advance of £8,000.
All that ,could be ascertained was that, on 16th March, 1923, £10,000 Commonwealth Bonds were lodged in a Sydney bank, in the name of Dash, by way of security, and that Dash thereupon drew a cheque for £9,000 against these bonds in favour of his Brisbane account, from which account he then advanced the £8,000. Dash alleged that these bonds were handed to him in Sydney personally by the late the Honourable A. J. Thynne, at the instigation of the late Mr. J. J. Knight. His evidence on this point, however, was quite unsatisfactory, and it was proved that Mr. Thynne had not been in Sydney at the relevant time.  pash,, however, strenuously .denied that, Messrs. Nathan and Wren or any of their associates, in any way assisted in finding these moneys. Wren also deposed that, his, firm and he .himself.did not find the deposit moneys.
The club, which was first mooted sat a-ineeting of 'Seiefi'lierSens,' including Dash, on the 12th 'January, 1923, adopted draft rules on the 22nd January, 1923. These rules provide for the payment of an entrance fee of £20 and an annual subscription of £5. Besides containing the provisions usual in such cases, they are prefaced by a declaration of intention. that the club is to be so conducted that none of its revenue shall be used for any personal profit or gain.
The club comprised, at the signing of the agreement, only about eight or nine members, and has since made no vigorous efforts to add to its numbers. By the end of 19213; the membership had increased to forty-four. The entrance fee.. and, the first subscription of several of the members was, however, arranged by Dash. Since 1923, a few members have fallen out and a fewl'haVe joined, the number never exceeding forty-nine.
With , the exception of two life members, all the present members, who include a number of -well-known business men, have, at any rate for the last few years, duly • paid their annual subscriptions out of their own moneys.
as to
Bona fides.
Limitation of Members.
Disposal of Moneys.   28
Committee meetings have been held more or less regularly. An annual meeting has been held in each year, at which the attendance has been poor. At these meetings, members of committee have been duly elected according to the rules, and other club business appears to have been properly conducted.
Only two of the original members of committee still have seats on that body.
The actual racing has been in the hands of the manager employed in the time of Nathan and Wren. It was not, however, shown, that these gentlemen have ever attempted to interfere with the management or control of the property or with the conduct of the racing.
On this evidence, looked at as a whole, the Commission is still left in doubt as to whether Nathan and Wren and the original promoters did intend a genuine sale, and whether the terms of sale were not designedly and by preconcert so arranged as to keep the property always within the reach of the vendors, should they determine to resume control.
With regard to the present position, however, the Commission has reached the conclusion that the club now governs its own actions in its own interests, in accordance with its own constitution and rules, owes no allegiance to the vendors, and is a bona fide club.
The Commission has been aided in reaching this conclusion by the execution, after the whole position had been fully ventilated, of the two amending agreements of 6th December, 1929. The amendments effected by these documents all render more possible the ultimate acquisition by this club of the property. They reduce the annual instalments from £48,000 to £24,000. They cancel the option originally given to the vendors to charge
interest on instalments now in arrear   a right the exercise of which would
have put the club in an impossible position. They remove certain difficulties pointed out during the hearing as to the legal effect of the original agreement.
All these alterations point in the direction of the present recognition, by independent contracting parties, of a genuine existing contract of sale.
The rules provide that the club shall consist of all persons who have been duly elected as members thereunder. Every candidate must be proposed and seconded in writing by a member of the committee. Election is by ballot of the committee. Membership is completed by payment, after election, of the entrance fee of £20 and the first annual subscription of £5.
The present number of members is forty-nine, consisting of two life members and forty-seven ordinary members.
The rules provide for an annual general meeting for the purpose, inter alia, of filling up by election all vacancies on the committee.
The committee, in which is vested the management of the club, consists of eight members, elected at such annnal meeting, after nomination in writing by a member at least sixteen days before such meeting. The four members of the committee longest in office retire annually,
There is no limitation in the number of members.
The moneys received by the club from all sources have been applied in payment of upkeep, in prize money, in improvements, in taxation, and in reduction of the purchase moneys still remaining due on the purchase of the property.
Up to 1927, proper books, from an accountancy point of view, were not kept. In that year, a new set of books was opened. These have since been kept by a firm of accountants. They disclose the manner in which and the purposes far• which all moneys of the club are expended, applied, disposed of, or used.
As already appears, the amount of purchase money still outstanding at 30th June, 1929, was £288,890. This amount is now payable at the rate, until 31st December, 1939, of £2,000 a month. The final balance, together with interest at 7 per cent. on all instalments which may hereafter become overdue, is payable on or before 1st March, 1940.
The club has no resources, other than future revenue, out of which to meet its obligations. The average surplus revenue, over the last three years, available for payment to the vendors, was about £23,000. During those years, however, less than £200 on the average in each year was spent on improve¬ments. There is nothing to justify an expectation of increased revenue in the near future ; indeed, the indications point to a decrease. There is, moreover, the possibility of the loss of further racing days, of the fixation by The Queensland Turf Club of higher minimum prize moneys, and of competition by the opening of Doomben. On present appearances, it is, therefore, not unlikely that the club will have difficulty in meeting its instalments. Moreover, seeing that in any event a balance of about £50,000 will be payable on the 1st March, 1940, the effect of any substantial failure in meeting instalments may be serious, inasmuch as all arrears, with interest at 7 per cent., will also be payable on that date, and the total amount then payable may thus prove beyond the powers of the club to finance.
For the above reasons, the Commission considers that the club will be unable to carry out and complete its financial obligations.
(c) Tattersall's Club—
Tattersall's is a bona fide club. It consists at present of about one thousand two hundred and forty members, divided into two classes, ordinary members and bookmaking members.
The club was formed in 1883. In 1897 it purchased Deagon Racecourse, and conducted meetings there for some time. These meetings were not financially successful, and the club was compelled to mortgage the course, which was ultimately sold in 1911, on default being made thereunder, to Messrs. Nathan and Wren, by the mortgagees.
The club has at present no racecourse of its own, but holds meetings of Eagle Farm under an arrangement by which it pays The Queensland Turf Club £250 per meeting.
It is at this club that the settlement of wagers is effected after race meetings. The present rules were adopted on the 23rd October, 1923.
Candidates for membership must be proposed and seconded by two members. Nominations must be in writing, and must be displayed in a conspicuous place in the club premises for at least two weeks before election.
Election is by the committee. Members pay an entrance fee of £3 3s. and an annual subscription of £2 2s.
The committee consists of six ordinary members and two bookmaking members, of whom three ordinary and one bookmaking member retire annually:
Disposal of Revenue.
Books of Account.   30
Elections of committeemen are by postal ballot of the members.
The management and control of the club is in the hands of the committee.
The moneys received by the club from all sources have been applied in payment of necessary upkeep of the club, in prize money, in taxation, and the reduction of loans raised for the building of its present premises.
Proper books of account are kept and correctly disclose the manner in which and the purposes for which all moneys of the club are expended, applied, disposed of, or used.

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« 2019-May-13, 07:14 PM Reply #3 »
The Associated Board has no control over the fixation of minimum prize money. Each body determines independently the value of its programme.
Although no less than one hundred and four unregistered meetings were held in the year ended 30th June, 1929, the amount of prize money distributed at them, namely £30,763, was insignificant, as compared with that given by the registered clubs, namely £119,430 for sixty-two meetings.
It has already been pointed out that many of these unregistered meetings were run at a loss, or yielded only an insignificant profit. Kedron alone has made substantial profits such as, under ordinary conditions, would justify an increase in its prize money. But even at Kedron, a substantial increase in prize money appears highly improbable while an annual sum of £7,000 is required to meet payments to the vendors.
On the present scale of distribution it is impossible for owners and trainers to subsist on prize money alone.
A prize of £20 divided between first, second, and third horses is usual. Even less sums, so divided, are frequent. After deduction of the cost of nomination and the jockey's fee, a winning owner, who is generally also the trainer, receives less than is sufficient to recoup his outlay in the preparation of his horse for racing, and nothing for himself. Owners are thus forced to rely for a living on successful betting, and many of them are driven to dishonest practices.

The conclusion drawn by the Commission from the evidence on the point is that the prize money offered at unregistered meetings would not be sufficient, even with an improved control, to ensure clean racing, and is certainly not sufficient, in the majority of cases, to justify its continuance as at presented conducted.
Fewer meetings, better conducted, should be better attended, and might enable an increase in prize money sufficient to ensure to owners, trainers, and jockeys alike the possibility of earning an honest livelihood.
Meetings at all unregistered courses are held on week days, generally Mondays and Thursdays. They consist, as a rule, of about six events, .sometimes including a trot. These events are run on the divisional system already explained. In unregistered racing, however, five divisions are run, as against four divisions at Albion Park.
All races are run over short distances. These range, at Kedron, from 5 to 7 furlongs. At Coorparoo the distances are even shorter. On these courses the length of race is perhaps determined by the shortness of the track. At Goodna, Strathpine, and Ipswich, although the course affords scope for longer races, all races are also in the nature of short " sprints."
While the meetings thus cater in the main for an inferior class of horse, the divisional system secures that even the worst of such horses are continued at work after their best days are past.
In handicapping, a scale of weights considerably higher than that prevailing in registered racing is adopted. This is done with the object of permitting the employment of jockeys too heavy to ride at the usual scale of weights.
The same starter officiates at all the Associated Courses, and does his work well.
The officials at Kedron also perform similar duties at Goodna.
The Strathpine officials also act at Coorparoo.
All officials are paid a fee for each meeting.
Nomination and acceptance fees charged at Kedron are slightly less than those prevailing at Albion Park,
At Kedron, bookmakers pay a fielding fee per meeting of £7 7s. in the Paddock, and £4 4s. in the Leger. At the other courses a fielding fee per meeting of £5 5s. in the Paddock is levied. These fees are considerably less than those paid by registered bookmakers.
The rule enabling the stewards to take a boy off a horse on suspicion of intended malpractice and to substitute the Club's own jockey appears to cause considerable dissatisfaction on the part of owners, and was much discussed. A similar rule formerly prevailed at registered meetings, but was considered too drastic.
The evidence, however, did not establish that at unregistered courses such a rule is unnecessary for the prevention of corrupt practices. The rule is freely availed of by the stewards, and apparently with beneficial results.

Allegations of interference by jockeys and malpractice by owners, trainers, and jockeys were freely advanced.
With small prize money, trainers and owners on the bread-line, second to fifth class horses, short courses and short sprints, this is not surprising.
Whatever the truth of these allegations, it is at any rate true that inquiries by the stewards are very numerous, and that the public is far from confident that it is at. present getting a fair run for its money.

Unregistered race meetings were held during 1929 on two week days, generally Mondays and Thursdays, throughout the year.
On the question of the total abolition of unregistered racing the opinion of the witnesses was much divided.
On the one hand, representatives of the Council of Churches and of the National Council of Women urged the total abolition of racing on the score that it encourages the evil of gambling, while representatives of the Brisbane Chamber of Commerce and the Brisbane Chamber of Manufactures urged its prohibition during working hours on the ground that it interferes with business and so injures the community economically.
Other witnesses, unconnected with any of these bodies, considered that all unregistered racing should be abolished by compelling all racing bodies to come under the control of The Queensland Turf Club, i.e., to become registered.
On the other hand, many witnesses maintained that unregistered racing is the poor man's recreation, that it meets a strong public demand, that it is just as much entitled to recognition as registered racing, and that to abolish it would inflict great hardship on a large number of participants, while to bring it under the same control as registered racing would, in effect, be to abolish it.
As to the necessity for restriction, however, there was much greater unanimity.
Many staunch supporters of unregistered racing considered that one cause of its present admittedly unsatisfactory condition is that there is too much of it. Most of the witnesses examined on the point favoured a reduction in the number of meetings to one day a week, though some suggested six days a month. These witnesses envisaged no dislocation of the business from such a reduction. On the contrary, they anticipated that while providing ample racing for the horses, and causing little unem-ployment, it would lead to increased attendances, bigger prize money, and better control of the meetings.
The Commission considers that, while no case has yet been made out for the total abolition of unregistered racing, it has been established that the welfare of the community demands its restriction.
The evidence above referred to justifies the conclusion that a reduction to one unregistered meeting per week would not materially increase unemployment, and would improve conditions throughout.
But the Commission goes further. It considers that the necessity for seeing that business hours are not too greatly entrenched upon demands that in no week, except perhaps Exhibition Carnival week, should racing, registered or unregistered, be permitted on more than two of the six week days.
As registered racing has already absorbed all Saturdays and holidays and, by reason of the superior standard of its meetings and its consequent greater public attractiveness, deserves first consideration, this means, in effect, that unregistered racing should be limited to forty-two week days in the year—a reduction from about one hundred and four.
Such forty-two days are exclusive of the days to he allotted to .Trotting as hereinafter recommended.
The Commission further considers th at unregistered racing should be limited as far as possible to mid-week. To restrict such racing to Wednesdays or Thursdays should minimise the economic loss necessarily incident to racing in business hours.
The Commission is therefore of opinion that unregistered racing should be prohibited on Mondays, Tuesdays, and Fridays, provision being made for the substitution of one of those days where, in any week, racing on the Wednesday or Thursday of that week becomes impracticable owing to weather conditions.

The system of control by stipendiary stewards prevails at all
unregistered racecourses.   Each club or racing body appoints its own
stewards. These are invariably three in number.
The rules of Kedron and such of the other bodies as have printed rules give to the stewards powers of control quite as ample -as those exercised in the case of registered racing.
But, even at Kedron, the stewards are subject to dismissal on one week's notice, and are paid by the day. The Chairman receives only £5 5s. per meeting at Kedron and a less sum at other courses.
The stewards are thus in far from an independent position.
Allegations were freely made that some stewards are inefficient, lack racing experience, and fail to act in concert. Representative jockeys, for instance, considered that the stewards at Kedron are not sufficiently strict and that their laxity has contributed to the present condition of unregistered racing.
Whatever the weight of this criticism, the fact remains that, by almost general agreement, the conduct of the racing is not as strict as might reasonably be expected.
The fault lies, not in the rules, but in their non-enforcement. For this the stewards, in whose hands rests in theory at least, the full control, must accept the main share of responsibility.
The failure by the stewards to ensure the fair conduct of the racing appears to be, partly, at all events, due to their lack of independence.
Stewards should have some tenure of office and a reasonable salary, and be as far as possible removed from outside influence.
The Commission considers that this result would be best attained by their appointment being taken from the individual clubs or proprietaries and vested in an independent Board of Control.

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« 2019-May-15, 09:54 PM Reply #4 »
We're getting to the end only a couple of issues worth recording remain ....the objection to betting.... the submission that gambling be prohibited  put forward by a Reverend gentleman supported by the National Council of Women which went further advocating the curtailment of racing killing two birds with the one stone.... no racing no gambling.....they didn't get to first base and the second issue of SP betting which the commissioners considered was due to radio broadcasts which they considered should be limited until the day's racing was over.

At all courses, registered and unregistered, betting is conducted by means of the totalisator and licensed bookmakers.
Both these agencies are recognised by existing statutes, under which the State derives revenue as a result of their operations.
No suggestion was put forward for any alteration in this dual system of betting.
The President of the Queensland Council of Churches, Mr. A. E. Bickmore, was deputed by that body to urge the total abolition of gambling at race meetings, and, failing such abolition, a reduction in the number of such meetings with .a view to decreasing the gambling evil as far as practicable.
This evidence was supported to the extent of urging a curtailment of racing, and consequently of gambling, by the representative of the National Council of Women.
The views of these bodies rest mainly on ethical but to some extent also on economic grounds.
This question of the suppression or reduction of gambling per se was not stressed by any other witness.
Under these circumstances, the Commission does not think fit to recommend any alteration in the present system under which the deeply implanted instinct for gambling is sought to be kept within controllable limits by restricting its exercise, in connection with horse racing, to the racecourse itself.
It appears that in recent years there has been an increase in the
number of illegal betting houses, commonly known as " betting shops."
The suggestion was made that this increase is largely due to broadcasting by wireless during meetings. The present practice is to broadcast, not only the results of the meetings, but such progress particulars as facilitate the making, in places remote from the racecourse, of wagers on the events of the day.
The Commission considers that in the interests of the racing community, no less than of the general public, it is essential that the present penalties provided against illicit betting should be strictly enforced.
It also considers that the suggestion that such betting is facilitated by the present system of broadcasting is well founded, and that provision should be made to prohibit the broadcasting from racecourses of racing information until after the close of the last race at any meeting.

All that's left are the recommendations together with the appendices mainly of historical value.

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« 2019-May-16, 09:00 PM Reply #5 »
The Commission recommends that legislation be enacted to effect the following purposes :--
1.   To provide that race meetings other than trotting meetings may not be held in any one year in the area included within the ambit of this Inquiry on more than one hundred and four days in all.
2.   To provide that trotting meetings, comprised solely of trotting events, may be held in any one year within the said area on not more than six days, and to provide further that no such meeting may be conducted except by and for the benefit of The Brisbane Trotting Club.
3.   To provide that not more than sixty-two Registered race meetings may be held in the said area in any one year, and that no such meeting may be held except on Saturdays, the days (being week days) on which the following public holidays—
New Year's Day,   Labour Day,
Foundation Day,   King's Birthday,
St. Patrick's Day,   Exhibition Day, and
Easter Monday,   Boxing Day
are celebrated, the Monday in Exhibition week and the second Wednesday in November, and to provide further that when, in the opinion of the stewards, racing is impracticable, owing to weather conditions, on one of the abovementioned days, a meeting appointed to be held on such day may be postponed to a day not later than the Friday in the following week.
4.   To prohibit proprietary Registered racing.
5.   To prohibit the holding of any Unregistered race meeting on any of the days mentioned in Recommendation No. 3.
6.   To provide that not more than forty-two Unregistered race meetings (other than trotting meetings) may be held in any one year in the said area.
7.   To provide that not more than thirty-four Unregistered race meetings (other than trotting meetings) may be held in any one year in the said area on racecourses other than Bundamba.
8.   To provide that no Unregistered race meeting (other than a trotting meeting) may be held in any week in which any of the public holidays, other than Exhibition Day, mentioned in Recommendation No. 3, is celebrated or in the second week in November.
9.   To provide that Unregistered race meetings (other than trotting meetings) may be held only on Wednesdays or Thursdays, except in cases where, in the opinion of the stewards, racing is impracticable, owing to weather conditions, on the day appointed for such a meeting, in which event such meeting may be postponed to a day, not being a Saturday or one of the days mentioned in Recommendation No. 3, not later than the Friday of the. following week.
10.   To prohibit the holding of race meetings (other than trotting meetings) within the said area on any racecourse not hitherto used as such unless such racecourse is of a circumference of not less than one mile.
11.   To provide that no racecourse not hitherto used as such may be used for racing other than trotting within the said area, unless such racecourse is owned at law or in equity and controlled, or in the case of land the property of the Crown, or set aside on trust for racing purposes, leased and controlled, by a bona fide club.
12.   To authorise, the Crown to resume Doomben Racecourse for racing purposes on equitable terms, and to sell or lease it when so resumed to a newly formed racing club, for the purpose of holding registered meetings thereon, such authority to be conditional on the provision of guarantees satisfactory to the Minister in charge of the Act for reimbursing to the Crown its outlay on such resumption ; and to provide further that if, within a specified period, no such new club has given such guarantees, the Crown may thereafter, within a further limited period, on The Queensland Turf Club giving such guarantees, resume the said racecourse and sell or lease it to the said Club.
13.   To prohibit the running in any racing event other than trotting of more than twelve horses on the Kedron Racecourse unless and until the running surface is made uniform, and the open drain alongside the straight is protected.
14.   To prohibit the holding of horse or pony races other than trotting races on the Coorparoo Racecourse.
15.   To provide for the determination of the amount of compen-sation (if any) payable to the owner of Coorparoo Racecourse, in respect to the prohibition referred to in Recommendation No. 14, and to establish a fund, to be raised by a levy of £5 per centum on the net profits of Unregistered race meetings (other than trotting meetings), for the payment of such compensation.
16.   To provide for the constitution and functions of a Board of Control for Unregistered racing, other than trotting meetings.
17.   To provide that such Board consist of three members to be appointed by the Governor in Council for not less than twelve months, one of such members, being a person experienced in racing matters, nominated by the Minister in charge of the Act, to be appointed as chairman ; the two other members to be appointed on the nomination respectively of the Unregistered racing clubs and proprietaries, and of the licensees engaged in Unregistered racing conducted by such clubs or proprietaries.
0.   To determine the remuneration of the members of the Board and to provide that such remuneration and the expenses of the Board be payable in the first instance out of fees for licenses and other receipts of the Board, and subject thereto, by means of levies on clubs and proprietaries registered with the Board.
1.   To empower such Board--
(i.) To register existing clubs and proprietaries, other than the Coorparoo Turf Club, and to deregister any club or proprietary.
(ii.)   To receive and deal with applications for registration by newly formed bona fide clubs.
(iii.)   To allot, between clubs and proprietaries for the time being registered, the available racing days.
(iv.)   To determine the minimum prize money to be distributed at any race meeting.
(v.)   To appoint three stipendiary stewards to officiate at all Unregistered race meetings and to fix their remuneration.
(vi.)   To fix the maximum number of starters in any event on any Unregistered racecourse.
(vii.)   To issue licenses to trainers, jockeys, apprentices, book-makers, bookmakers' clerks, and stable hands, and to fix the fees payable by licensees.
(viii.)   To provide for the registration of horses and the fees payable on registration.
(ix.)   To hear and determine appeals from decisions of the stipendiary stewards.
(x.)   To appoint a secretary and to fix his remuneration.
(xi.)   To make levies on clubs and proprietaries registered with the Board for the purpose of raising funds to defray the remuneration of its members, and the expenses of the Board, and
(xii.)   Generally to exercise in respect to Unregistered racing all the powers and functions exercisable under the Australian Rules of Racing by a Principal Club.
20.   To prohibit the broadcasting from racecourses of racing infor¬mation until after the close of the last race at any meeting.
21.   To provide that on the winding-up of any non-proprietary racing club the surplus assets of such club, after discharge of its obligations, shall be distributable amongst such other racing or sporting or amongst such charitable or other public purposes as the members of such club at the date of such winding-up shall in general meeting determine, and failing such determination, as the Minister in charge of the Act shall decide.
In conclusion the Commission desires to record its appreciation of the assistance afforded by Mr. A. D. McGill of Counsel, by the representatives of the various racing interests concerned, by the State Reporting Bureau, and by its Secretary, Mr. C. Page-Hanify, whose services in handling the voluminous exhibits and in digesting the verbal evidence, and whose diligence and zeal in the discharge of his duties have considerably lightened its labours.
We have the honour to be,
Your Excellency's obedient Servants,
H. H. HENCHMAN, Chairman,
Brisbane, 10th April, 1930.
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The link to the report contains several appendices some of us old enough to remember will recognise a couple Jack Booshand for one Neive Frawley later QTC chief steward.


« Last Edit: 2019-May-16, 09:06 PM by Arsenal »