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Offline timw

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« 2018-Nov-04, 08:59 AM Reply #50 »
Enable's win in today's Breeder's Cup Turf takes her to number 20 in my list of the word's top earners with earnings of USD 10,682,238.

Offline timw

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« 2018-Nov-28, 10:46 PM Reply #51 »
EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s

Note the information will be updated as information comes to hand.
            
EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s. 
(Must have had first start in Europe)

The record holders are a work in progress and may be altered at any time. 
I have included separately other horses I have discarded as unlikely to be the leading European earner of their era. 
Sometimes the difference between making the list and being discarded is only a few thousand GBP.
If anyone has evidence of another horse I should consider or if you believe any information is incorrect please let me know.
Both Noor and Amerigo raced in England before being sent to USA to race and it is the relatively high USD prizemoney that propelled then to the top of the list.  Ditto for Viva Pataca who went to Hong Kong after starting in England.
All the leaders foaled after the 1960s race outside Europe. As Frankel (GB) 2008 (who some race as the greatest racehorse ever) did not race far from home he had no chance of being a European earnings leader as prizemoney in England is insufficient to compte with the money on offer in Dubai, Hong Kong, USA, Japan and other countries.   
Some of the earnings figures I have below vary substantially from those on pedigreequery or wikipedia.
British newspapers of the 1950-1960s concentrate on whether the leading earner is trained in the UK and they tend to include Ireland as part of the UK. 
Roger Mortimer writing in the Times in the early sixties noted that France was sending its second eleven to England as prizemoney in France was far better yet the French second eleven was still superior to the English stayers and something ought to be done about it.
One of the horses in the 'discard' list is Bon Mot who only had 3 wins yet there is some suggestion his USD earnings would give him a chance a being the leading earner of his era.  While French prizemoney was possibly better than English prizemoney it seems unlikely the figure I have seen is correct.
I have seen 'Sea Bird II' spelt a number of different ways and have elected to go with the way it is spelt here because I like it!
A separate list of of British and Irish trained leading earners would include some of those in the discard list.
Gladiateur is most likely to have earned far more than any European racehorse before him much as Carbine did in Australiasia and as such is, in my opinion, the undisputed record holder of his time. 
            
Gladiateur (FR) 1862      GBP 30,776   USD 235,822      19 starts, 16 wins, 0 seconds, 1 third.
Donovan (GB) 1886   GBP 55,443   USD 268,595      21 starts: 18 wins, 2 seconds, 1 third - passed Gladiateur
Isinglass (GB) 1890    GBP 57,455   USD 285,814      12 starts: 11 wins, 1 second, 0 thirds - passed Donovan
Noor (IRE) 1945   GBP 134,494   USD 385,211   USD 383,968 pedigreequery and wikipedia   31 starts, 12 wins, 6 seconds, 6 thirds.  Win % 38.7, Place % 77.4 - passed Isinglass
Bald Eagle (USA) 1955      GBP 247,709   USD 694,130      29 starts, 12 wins (5 x G1r), 5 seconds, 4 thirds.  Win % 41.4, Place % 72.4. (6 starts in England before going to USA) - passed Noor
Nijinsky II (CAN) 1967   GBP 255,984   USD 614,358   13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.- passed Bald Eagle in GBP only
Mill Reef (USA) 1968    GBP 311,156   USD 766,759   FRF 4,170,476   14 starts: 12 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds - passed Nijinsky II in GBP and Bald Eagle in USD.
Rheingold (IRE) 1969   GBP 370,892   USD 919,958   FRF 4,041,703   17 starts, 9 wins (4 x G1), 4 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 52.9, Place % 82.4.  - passed Mill Reef in GBP and USD but not in FRF
#Dahlia (USA) 1970   GBP 673,003   USD 1,541,994   FRF 7,131,752   46 starts: 15 wins, 3 seconds, 7 thirds -    passed Rheingold in GBP, USD and FRF on 27 July 1974 - also passed Mill Reef in FRF on 27 July 1974..
#Allez France (USA) 1970   GBP 570,015   USD 1,361,872   FRF 6,232,245   21 starts: 13 wins, 3 seconds, 1 third - passed Rheingold in GBP, USD and FRF on 6 October 1974.
*Exceller (USA) 1973   GBP 887,317   USD 1,640,322   FRF 7,554,756   33 starts: 15 wins, 5 seconds, 3 thirds Passed Allez France / Dahlia
All Along (FR) 1979    GBP 2,043,735  USD 2,959,877  FRF 24,018,020   21 starts: 9 wins, 4 seconds, 2 thirds - Passed Exceller.
Lando (GER) 1990   GBP 1,955,374  USD 3,055,460   FRF 15,687,633  DEM 4,563,261   23 starts, 10 wins (7 x G1), 2 seconds, 1 third. - Passed All Along in USD but not GBP and FRF.
**Singspiel (IRE) 1992      GBP 3,324,445   USD 5,432,807  FRF 29,046,459   20 starts: 9 wins, 8 seconds, 0 thirds - Passed All Along in GBP, USD and FRF and also passed Lando in USD.
## Fantastic Light (USA) 1996     GBP 5,792,060   USD 8,507,626    FRF / EUR (Raced in both eras)   25 starts: 12 wins, 5 seconds, 3 thirds passed Singspiel
### Viva Pataca (GB) 2002 (late Comic Strip)       GBP 5,996,622   USD 10,549,359  EUR 7,787,524  HKD 82,054,910   51 starts: 18 wins, 5 seconds, 10 thirds.  Win % 35.3, Place % 64.7. - passed Fantastic Light in GBP on 30 May 2010 and USD on 26 April 2009.
Cirrus des Aigles (FR) 2006   GBP 6,159,677   USD 9,804,803   EUR 7,347,430   67 starts: 22 wins, 20 seconds, 6 thirds - passed Viva Pataca in GBP on 14 Dec 2014 but did not pass Viva Pataca in USD.
Flintshire (GB) 2010   GBP 6,414,248   USD 9,602,227   EUR 8,205,359   24 starts: 8 wins, 12 seconds, 1 third - passed Cirrus des Aigles in GBP but did not pass Viva Pataca in USD.
Highland Reel (IRE) 2012   GBP 7,875,927   USD 10,525,708   EUR 9,395,997   27 starts: 10 wins, 6 seconds, 3 thirds.- passed Flintshire in GBP and Cirrus des Aigles in USD
Enable (GB) 2014   Passed Highland Reel in GBP and USD only   GBP 8,139,550   USD 10,682,238   EUR 9,230,001   11 starts: 10 wins, 0 seconds and 1 third.
# I have included both Allez France and Dahlia as leading earners as I do not have enough information at this stage to split them.  Perhaps they could have both been leading earners at various times during their careers.               
## I emailed equibase.com about the relative difference between 'racingpost' career earnings of GBP 4,207,029 and equibase.com career earnings of USD 8,486,957 which on the prevailing exchange rates suggests a USD 2,000,000 difference.  equibase.com replied that Fantastic Light earned USD 1,000,000 Emirates World Series bonus for winning the 2000 Hong Kong Cup and another USD 1,000,000 Emirates World Series bonus for winning the 2001 Breeder's Cup Turf run at Belmont, New York, USA. This means the racingpost' figure is understated by the GBP equivalent of USD 2,000,000.
### There is some estimation involved in arriving at Viva Pataca's figure especially around his first 4 starts in Hong Kong but I doubt it is too far off the mark.  All his UK starts were covered by the 'racingpost'.
* Exceller won four group 1 races in Europe before racing in North America where he won seven grade 1 races for a total of 11 group/grade 1 races.  Figures are estimates but error is likely to be less than 2 per cent.  Further I suspect most of the difference between my USD figure and that on equibase or wikipedia/pedigreequery may be due to the fact that I have reduced his Canadian dollar earnings by about USD 12,000 to allow for exchange rate differences whereas I suspect the other websites have assumed CAD 1.00 = USD 1.00.  I have CAD 116,100 = USD 103,999.
** Singspiel raced twice at Woodbine in Canada in 1996 winning the Canadian International (CAD 600,000) and a month later running second in the Breeders Cup Turf.  I found the equibase results sheet for the Breeders Cup Turf a little confusing about whether prizemoney is in USD or CAD and these figures assume second prize as being USD 400,000 rather than CAD 400,000. Based on Reserve Bank of Australia exchange rates for the day of the race USD 400,000 equals CAD 472,562.88.  Change to figures above made 20 Feb 2019 and does not alter Singspiel's place on the list.
         

DISCARDS         
Kincsem (HUN) 1874 (mare)   GBP ???   USD ???   55 starts, 54 wins and 1 dead heat (she won the run-off), (3 x G1 retrospective) 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
St Simon (GB) 1881   GBP ???   USD ???   9 starts, 9 wins , 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Ormonde (GB) 1883   GBP 28,495   USD 138,447   16 starts, 16 wins (5 x G1 retrospective), 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Ayrshire (GB) 1885   GBP 35,900   USD 174,698   16 starts, 11 wins (3 x G1 retrospective), 1 second and 3 thirds.  Win % 68.8, Place % 93.8.
La Fleche (GB) 1889 (mare)   GBP 34,585   USD ???   24 starts, 16 wins, 3 seconds and 2 thirds.  Win % 66.7, Place % 87.5.
Orme (GB) 1889   GBP 32,528   USD ???   18 starts, 14 wins, 3 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 77.8, Place % 94.4
Persimmon (GB) 1893   GBP 34,706   USD ???   9 starts, 7 wins, 1 second, 1 thirds.  Win % 77.8, Place % 100.0.
Flying Fox (GB) 1896   GBP 40,096   USD ???   11 starts, 9 wins (4 x G1 retrospective), 2 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 81.8, Place % 100.0.
La Camargo (FR) 1898   GBP ?????   USD 176,768   34 starts, 24 wins (9 x G1 retrospective), 6 seconds, 1 third  (no wikipedia page)
Ksar (FR) 1918   GBP 32,325   USD 118,589   15 starts: 11 wins, 3 seconds, 0 thirds, 1 unplaced.  Win % 73.3, Place % 93.3.
Bahram (IRE) 1932   over GBP 43,000      9 starts, 9 wins, 0 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Nearco (ITY) 1935   ITL 1,000,500 + FRF ? For 1st Grand Prix de Paris (BEofBFR)      14 starts, 14 wins, 0 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Tulyar (IRE) 1949   GBP 76,696   USD 214,750   13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
*Ribot (GB) 1952   GBP 102,198   USD 286,156   16 starts: 16 wins, 0 second, 0 thirds.
* The French franc was revalued in 1960 so that 100 old francs became 1 'New Franc' This meant that my estimate of Ribot's worldwide earnings of FRF 83,288,656 francs was worth just 832,886 'New Francs' (FRF 832,886) by 1960 (see eg 'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_franc' for further information)           
Ballymoss (IRE) 1954   GBP 107,165 or GBP 114,150 (both wikipedia)   USD 299,411   13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
Amerigo (GB) 1955      GBP 153,098   USD 428,679      46 starts: 14 wins, 12 seconds, 6 thirds.
Exbury (FR) 1959      GBP 156,120   USD 437,138      15 or 16 starts: 8 wins, 3 seconds and 3 thirds.
Ragusa (IRE) 1960   GBP 146,650   USD 421,147   12 starts, 7 wins (4 x G1 (retrospective)), 1 second and 2 thirds.  Win % 58.3, Place % 83.3
Relko (FR) 1960   GBP 149,136      
Baldric II (USA) 1961   GBP 149,302   USD 418,049   12 starts, 5 wins , 3 seconds and 1 thirds.  Win % 41.7, Place % 75.0.
Santa Claus (GB) 1961      USD 387,124   7 starts, 4 wins, 2 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 57.1, Place % 85.7.
Sea Bird II (FR) 1962   GBP 229,411   USD 642,356      8 starts: 7 wins, 1 second and 0 thirds.
Bon Mot (FR) 1963   GBP 141,041   USD 393,099   13 starts, 4 wins, 3 seconds and 3 thirds.  Win % 30.8, Place % 76.9.
Charlottown (GB) 1963   GBP 122,100   USD 341,361   11 starts, 7 wins, 3 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 63.6, Place % 90.6
Ribocco (USA) 1964   GBP 155,669   USD 401,986   14 starts, 5 wins, 5 seconds and 3 thirds.  Win % 35.7, Place % 92.9.
Royal Palace (GB) 1964   GBP 166,063   USD 307,798   11 starts, 9 wins, 1 second, 1 third.  Win % 81.8, Place % 90.9.
Sir Ivor (USA) 1965      USD 560,760   13 starts, 8 wins, 3 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 61.5, Place % 92.3.
Brigadier Gerard (GB) 1968  GBP 253,090   USD 620,334   FRF 3,223,903   18 starts, 17 wins, 1 second, 0 thirds.  Win % 94.4, Place % 100.0.
Grundy (IRE) 1972           GBP 324,489   USD 716,169   11 starts: 8 wins (5 x G1 (retrospective)), 2 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 72.7, Place % 90.9.
Blushing Groom (FR) 1974      USD 407,153 or USD 372,802   10 starts: 7 wins (5 x G1), 1 second, 2 thirds.  Win % 70.0, Place % 100.0.
Alleged (USA) 1974           GBP 340,598   USD 630,562   10 starts: 9 wins (2 x G1), 1 second, 0 thirds.  Win % 90.0, Place % 100.0.
J O Tobin (USA) 1974   GBP 365,621   USD 659,608   21 starts: 12 wins (2 x G1), 2 seconds, 2 thirds.
The Minstrel (CAN) 1974   GBP 333,197   USD 570,605   9 starts: 7 wins (4 x Group 1), 1 second, 1 third.
Erin's Isle (IRE) 1978   USD 1,233,889 (equibase)    33 starts, 9 wins (5 x G1), 3 seconds and 7 thirds.
^Theatrical (IRE) 1982   GBP 1,832,291   USD 2,942,004   22 starts: 10 wins, 4 seconds, 2 thirds.
^^Miesque (USA) 1984   GBP 1,157,916   USD 1,973,172   16 starts: 12 wins (10 x G1 (7 x FR, 1 x GB, 2 x USA)), 3 seconds, 1 third.
Kotashaan (FR) 1988   GBP 1,774,295   USD 2,664,362   22 starts, 10 wins (5 x G1), 5 seconds, 2 thirds.
Ouija Board (GB) 2001   GBP 3,443,479   USD 6,307,755   22 starts: 10 wins (7 x G1), 3 seconds, 5 thirds.
Goldikova (IRE) 2005   GBP  4,396,692   USD 7,180,391       EUR 5,183,006   27 Starts: 17 wins (14 x G1), 6 seconds, 3 thirds
Zarkava (IRE) 2005           GBP 2,629,768   USD 4,801,038   7 starts: 7 wins (5 x G1), 0 seconds, 0 thirds.
Danedream (GER) 2008   GBP 3,234,720   USD 5,089,862 EUR 3,809,808   17 starts: 8 wins (5 x G1), 0 seconds, 4 thirds.
Frankel (GB) 2008           GBP 2,998,302   USD 4,788,386   14 starts: 14 wins (10 x Group 1), 0 second, 0 thirds.
Treve (FR) 2010           GBP 5,930,560   USD 9,516,031   13 starts: 9 wins (6 x Group 1), 1 second, 1 third.
Found (IRE) 2012           GBP 5,525,377   USD 7,647,067   21 starts: 6 wins (3 x Group 1), 11 seconds and 3 thirds.
Cracksman (GB) 2014   GBP 2,799,254   USD 3,681,356   11 starts: 8 wins (4 x Group 1), 2 seconds, 1 third.
Thunder Snow (IRE) 2014 GBP 6,665,592  USD 9,073,534  21 starts: 7 wins (3 x Group 1), 6 seconds, 3 thirds.
         
^ Theatrical's figure relies on an estimate of earnings from one Irish and one German start and some other guesswork as to timing of amounts earned for exchange rate purposes however it is unlikely the figures above are out by more than a few thousand GBP or USD.  The USD figure above splits the equibase and pedigreequery career USD figures but that is probably a fluke on my part.           
^^ Some guesswork re Miesque's two UK starts but error unlikly to be more that GBP 10,000         
« Last Edit: 2019-Mar-13, 06:57 PM by timw »

Offline timw

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« 2018-Dec-09, 10:19 AM Reply #52 »
First mare to earn more than USD 1,000,000

Allez France (USA) 1970 v Dahlia (USA) 1970

According to Allez France’s Wikipedia page at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allez_France :  Allez France was the first filly in Thoroughbred horse racing history to earn $1 million, according to the United States National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. However, Sports Illustrated says that Dahlia was "the first filly to win $1 million (just before Allez did it)", and the U.S. National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame contradicts itself by saying that Dahlia was "the first female Thoroughbred to earn $1 million."

Allez France

Allez France’s career record:  21 starts, 13 wins (8 x G1), 3 seconds and 1 third.  Win % 61.9, Place % 81.0. 

She raced in France, 18 times,  England twice for 2 seconds in the Champion Stakes and her last race was in the USA in the National Thoroughbred Championship Hcp at Santa Anita over 10f of dirt where she ran 11th of 11.  She had never raced on dirt before. I understand this race was being promoted as a big money dirt lead up race to the Washington DC International (it was run the week before) but I have no further information about the race. 
Allez France competed against Dahlia on 8 occasions (they also raced on the same date as 2YOs but possibly in different races) and on each of those 8 occasions Allez France beat Dahlia home.  Allez France won seven of them.  The closest Dahlia came was a second in the Prix de Diane.  The only time Allez France did not win the race in which both competed was the 1975 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe where she finished fifth (as defending champion) to Dahlia’s 15th.

Even though Allez France had one race in the USA her career summary record does not appear on equibase.com.   

Her career summary and race record (limited details)does appear on ‘france-galop.com’ in euros not French francs even though the franc was the currency at the time she raced.  From looking at a number of horse earnings details from the pre euro period (pre 1 January 1999) it seems all pre 1 January 1999 French francs amounts of ‘france-galop’ were converted to euros at the rate of €1 = 6.55957FF which was the agreed rate on the introduction of the Euro on 1 January 1999.  As the euro did not exist when Allez France raced there is no rate of exchange to work out her earnings in other currencies so I have converted the euros back to French francs first.   Ditto for Dahlia.

According to Wikipedia, ‘pedigreequery’ and ‘amercanclassicpedigrees’ Allez France career earnings were USD 1,386,146. She is not inducted into the US National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame although her trainer for 1974 and 1975 Angel Penna was inducted and it is under his bio that the reference to her becoming the first mare to win USD 1,000,000 is made.

Doing the best I can with the limited information at my fingertips I have her career earnings as follows:
France earnings in FRF:       FRF 5,996,650  (Starts 18: 13-1-1-3)
England earnings in GBP:    GBP 23,859.00  (Starts 2: 0-2-0-0)
United States earnings in USD:  USD 0.00  (Starts 1: 0-0-0-1)

I have converted these amounts to calculate worldwide earnings into FRF, USD, GBP and AUD amounts as follows:
FRF 6,232,244.70
USD 1,361,871.54
GBP 570,015.08
AUD 980,494.42

(This is based on Reserve Bank of Australia (rba.gov.au.statistics/…) monthly exchange rates as published for the month the race for USD and GBP amounts and annual rates at PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca to convert to FRF amounts to USD first before converting into other currencies.  During the period both horses raced currency rates were fixed by governments but there were ‘unofficial’ rates offered by banks.  World governments were considering moving to the floating rates we are familiar with today which happened later.  Reuters were publishing daily rates during this period but they do not appear to be on the internet.)   

Amazingly my USD figure is close to the USD 1,386,146 other sources quote.

Dahlia

Dahlia’s career record:  48 starts, 15 wins (10 x G1), 3 seconds and 7 thirds.  Win % 31.3, Place % 52.1.

Even though she couldn’t beat Allez France at home she had a fantastic international career winning two King George’s and a Washington DC International among her 10 Group 1 wins as well as winning a Canadian International (then a Group 2 race).  Dahlia ran twice on dirt in the USA but was not placed among the 13 starts she had in the US in 1976 as a six year old.  (Allez France retired after her five year old season.)

Again, doing the best I can with the limited information at my fingertips I have her career earnings as follows:
France earnings in FRF:  FRF 1,929,300  (Starts 21: 5-3-3-10)
Ireland earnings in Irish Pounds:  IEP 22,474.00  (Starts 1: 1-0-0-0)
England earnings in GBP:  GBP 253,865.50  (Starts 6: 4-0-2-0)
United States earnings in USD:  USD 361,699.40  (Starts 17: 4-0-2-11)
Canada earnings in Canadian Dollars:  CAD 102,972.00  (Starts 2: 1-0-0-1)
Italian earnings in Lira:  ITL 0.00  (Starts 1: 0-0-0-1)

I have converted these amounts to calculate worldwide earnings into FRF, USD, GBP and AUD amounts on the same basis as for Allez France  (using annual rates for FRF, CAD and ITL amounts (IEP = GBP then) to arrive at the following amounts:
FRF 7,131,770.85
USD 1,541,997.76
GBP 673,004.66
AUD 1,112,618.20

My USD figure is close enough to the ‘equibase.com’ figure of USD 1,489,105 to suggest that I am in the ball park.  As one might expect the US National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame total is the same as the ‘equibase.com’ total.

Dahlia’s 1973 earnings -

The major difference between my figure and the ‘equibase.com’ figure  is Dahlia’s 1973 earnings which I have at USD 587,789 and equibase.com has at USD 541,577 so some further work required here. 

A possible reason for the difference is the amount of French francs earned by Dahlia in winning the Prix St Alary (G1) at Longchamp on 20 May 1973.  ‘france-galop’ has earnings of EUR 71,834 which equates to FRF 471,200 while ‘galop-seiger’ has first prize as FRF 350,000.   If FRF 350,000 is plugged into the calculations the USD total falls to USD 1,514,778 a reduction of USD 27,218. 

The million dollar milestone

If first prize for the Prix St Alary is FRF 471,200 then:

-   Dahlia passed the USD 1,000,000 total on 20 August 1974 when she won Benson & Hedges Gold Cup (G1) at Yorkt
-   Allez France passed USD 1,000,000 total on 6 October 1974 when she won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (GI) at Longchamp .

If first prize for the Prix St Alary is FRF 350,000 the answer is still the same albeit the margin for error is only about USD 3,000.

If the benchmark was set at FRF 5,000,000 Allez France exceeded that total on 6 October 1974 and Dahlia six days later. 

If the benchmark was set at GBP 500,000 Dahlia exceeded that total on 9 November 1974 whereas Allez France took until 4 May 1975.   

I need some more information before I can publish detailed race records. 

« Last Edit: 2018-Dec-18, 10:05 PM by timw »

Offline timw

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« 2018-Dec-20, 09:18 PM Reply #53 »
International earnings comparisons – some observations

Australia and New Zealand seem to be the only major racing countries that include the value of trophies in their career earnings figures.  Winx has earned AUD 647,150 in trophies to date.  The British do not include bonuses whereas the Americans do.  Winx earned AUD 30,000 in BOBS bonuses as a 2YO which is trivial compared to the several million some horses have earned (eg Fantastic Light (USA) 1996) (equibase.com (USA) included the bonuses whereas racingpost.com (Britain) did not). 

In Australia we now have the ridiculous situation where a horse’s New South Wales earnings are counted after amounts are deducted for jockey and equine welfare whereas in Victoria the gross amount is included in a horse’s earnings before the deduction is made. 

Offline timw

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« 2019-Jan-08, 09:08 PM Reply #54 »
I have updated the list of European bred or trained leading money earners since the 1960s.  Noor (IRE) 1945 is the big mover.  He won a bundle in the USA which meant giving Tulyar and Ribot the boot from the list.  They now appear in the discards list.  According to one report I read the Aga Khan only sold Noor to the USA because an American wanted to buy another horse he owned and the Aga Khan said he can only have the one he wanted if he took Noor as well.  Noor's complete race record has been posted under race records of international champions and I assume tontonan has supplied the photo.   

Cheers   

Offline timw

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« 2019-Jan-15, 07:58 PM Reply #55 »
I have updated "EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s." to include as a subtitle "(Must have had first start in Europe)".  This means Viva Pataca (GB) 2002 (late Comic Strip)  falls between Fantastic Light and Cirrus des Aigles.  This also means Makybe Diva can never be considered a European.
« Last Edit: 2019-Jan-15, 08:04 PM by timw »

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« 2019-Feb-02, 10:12 PM Reply #56 »
I have included Exceller (USA) 1973 in the list of European earnings record holders.  He had his first 15 starts in France and England and he won three group 1 races in France and one group 1 in England by July 1977.  Around this time he was entered in the 1977 Melbourne Cup where was given 62.5kg.  Instead of coming to Melbourne he was  sent to the North America to race.  His first start was a second in October 1977 in the grade 1 Man O'war Stakes.  At his next start he won the grade 1 Canadian International in late October 1977 before running third in the 1977 Washington DC International .  He won a further six grade 1 races in 1978 including the Hollywood Gold Cup and the Jockey Club Gold Cup.       

Offline timw

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« 2019-Feb-24, 10:39 AM Reply #57 »
I have included Lando (GER) 1990 in the list of leading European stake winners which came as a surprise.  My British pounds and US dollar earnings are broadly in line with the earnings of racingpost and equibase respectively.  The total earnings on galopp-seiger and wikipedia for earnings in euros/marks and euros respectively seem to be wrong but are not relevant to my main analysis in GBP and USD.

Offline timw

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« 2019-Mar-07, 05:50 PM Reply #58 »
THE JAPAN CUP                              
                              
Included below is a table of prizemoney paid in JPY (Japanese yen) to the top 5 in the Japan Cup for the 1988 to 2018 years the years for which jbis.jp (Japan Bloodstock Information Services) published earnings (Japan Cup first run in 1981).  The amounts do not include trophies which are not included by jbis.                              
I have collated this information for future readers to provide an accurate earnings record and to explain why the amounts converted to foreign currency for use in foreign records can vary wildly from a simple currency conversion undertaken at the Japan Cup race date.                               
                              
I have picked three Japan Cup results published by racingpost.com to illustrate the problem:                               
                              
1. Singspiel earned JPY 135,612,000 for winning the 1996 Japan Cup.  'racingpost' calculated that Singspiel had earned £1,073,993 for first in 1996 whereas I have calculated he earned £721,411 (using Reserve Bank of Australia daily rates to calculate the appropriate cross rate) or 48.87% less . This is the most extreme example of an overstatement.                                
Year on year currency fluctuations seem to account for 20-25% of the difference.  I do not have a copy of the 1996 International Cataloguing Standards book (if one exists) to assist with the analysis.                                
                              
2.  The 2001 International Cataloguing Standards book ('the book'), published prizemoney for the first time for the Japan Cup in both USD and JPY and set out the exchange rates it had used in converting JPY to USD, GBP, AUD and other currencies for racing prizemoney offered around the world.                                
Jungle Pocket earned JPY 253,864,000 in 2001 which racingpost calculated was equal to £1,457,524.   The book did not publish a rate for JPY to GBP so I infer racingpost first converted JPY into USD and then converted USD into GBP in accordance with the rates in the book (creating a JPY to GBP cross rate).                                    
Using Reserve Bank of Australia daily indicator rates to calculate a JPY to GBP cross rate appropriate to race date I have calculated the horse earned £1,466,699 a less than 1% difference.                              
The closeness of the racingpost figure to a figure using current exchange rates can be attributed to the fact that the USD appreciated against both the JPY and GBP by just over 6% and 5% respectively over the figures published in the book effectively cancelling out all but about a 1% change in the JPY to GBP notional cross rate I assume was used by racingpost.                               
                              
3.  In 2008 Screen Hero earned JPY 253,864,000 for first and racingpost reported a first prize of £1,141,577.                                
Using Reserve Bank of Australia daily indicator rates to calculate the appropriate cross rate I have calculated the horse earned £1,731,776 or 34% more.                                
The notional cross rate at the time of the race using Reserve Bank of Australia daily indicator rates was JPY 146.59 to GBP 1.00 whereas the I January 2003 notional cross rate derived from the 2008 International Cataloguing Standards book was JPY 222.9 to GBP 1.00 and I assume this rate, or a rate close to it, was used by racingpost.                               
                              
I have assumed that racingpost picked up the correct Japanese yen earnings and there are no other reasons for differences such as typos.                               
                              
For the 31 years (1988 and 2018) of Japan Cup results surveyed the racingpost GBP prizes varied up or down from the race date conversion by:                               
less than 5%   10                           
between 5-10%   6                           
between 10% -20%   5                           
between 20% -30%   4                           
between 30% -40%   3                           
more than 40%    3                           
                              
Because of the high value of international Japanese race prizemoey the results reported 'officially' can vary widely from the real result.  Many of the big international prizemoney races are run in October and November around the world and 'official' conversion races set on 1 January can be very misleading.                                
According to my observations the exchange rate variations have fed into conversions used by racing bodies in Australia, USA, France and other media at least in the 1980s and 1990s.                               
I observe that galopp-seiger.de reports all results in foreign currency and they have not joined the frenzy of other European on-line publishers in the euro currency area of rewriting all pre euro results into euros (very orwellian) sometimes with marvellous inaccuracy (one irish website in particular comes to mind).                                  
                              
Other Japan Cup prizemoney issues:                              
 'racingpost' reported prizemoney down to ninth place in 2008 and 2009 whereas jbis did not record any prizemoney beyond fifth place money in any of the 1988 to 2018 years.                                
The JRA currently offers Japan Cup sixth to tenth placegetters 'participation incentive money' however this is not recorded as prizemoney by jbis.                                
After 2009 racingpost only reported first to fifth prizemoney consistent with the jbis approach to prizemoney.                              
                              
Year   Winner   1st prize   Second   2nd prize   Third   3rd prize   Fourth    4th prize   Fifth   5th prize
27/11/1988.   Pay the Butler (USA)   ¥95,169,400   Tamamo Cross (JPN)   ¥38,048,400   Oguri Cap (JPN)   ¥24,024,200   My Big Boy (USA)    ¥14,000,000   Tony Bin (IRE)   ¥9,500,000
26/11/1989.   Horlicks (NZ)   ¥103,161,000   Oguri Cap (JPN)   ¥41,046,000   Pay the Butler (USA)   ¥26,023,000   Super Creek (JPN)   ¥15,000,000   Hawkster (USA)   ¥10,300,000
25/11/1990.   Better Loosen Up (AUS)   ¥110,180,600   Ode (USA)   ¥44,051,600   Cacoethes (USA)   ¥28,025,800   White Stone (JPN)   ¥17,000,000   Alwuhush (USA)   ¥11,000,000
24/11/1991.   Golden Pheasant (USA)   ¥120,175,000   Magic Night (FR)   ¥48,050,000   Shaftesbury Avenue (AUS)   ¥30,025,000   Mejiro McQueen (JPN)    ¥18,000,000   Rough Habit (NZ)   ¥12,000,000
29/11/1992.   Tokai Teio (JPN)   ¥133,192,000   Naturalism (NZ)   ¥52,912,000   Dear Doctor (FR)   ¥33,456,000   Legacy World (JPN)   ¥20,000,000   Hishi Masaru (USA)   ¥13,000,000
28/11/1993.   Legacy World (JPN)   ¥133,780,000   Kotashaan (USA)   ¥53,080,000   Winning Ticket (JPN)   ¥33,540,000   Platini (GER)   ¥20,000,000   Star of Cozzene (USA)   ¥13,000,000
27/11/1994.   Marvelous Crown (JPN)   ¥133,486,000   Paradise Creek (USA)   ¥52,996,000   Royce and Royce (JPN)   ¥33,498,000   Hernando (FR)   ¥20,000,000   Sandpit (BRZ)   ¥13,000,000
26/11/1995.   Lando (GER) 1990   ¥135,360,000   Hishi Amazon (JPN)   ¥53,960,000   Hernando (FR)   ¥33,480,000   Taiki Blizzard (USA)   ¥20,000,000   Awad (USA)   ¥13,200,000
24/11/1996.   Singspiel (IRE) 1992   ¥135,612,000   Fabulous la Fouine (FR)   ¥54,032,000   Strategic Choice (GB) DH 3rd   ¥26,758,000   Helissio (FR) DH 3rd   ¥26,758,000   Awad (USA)   ¥13,200,000
23/11/1997.   Pilsudski (IRE) 1992   ¥134,940,000   Air Groove (JPN)   ¥53,840,000   Bubble Gum Fellow (JPN)   ¥33,420,000   Caitano (GB)    ¥20,000,000   Silk Justice (JPN)   ¥13,200,000
29/11/1998.   El Condor Pasa (USA) 1995   ¥135,234,000   Air Groove (JPN)   ¥53,924,000   Special Week (JPN)   ¥33,462,000   Chief Bearhart (CAN)   ¥20,000,000   Maxzene (USA)   ¥13,200,000
28/11/1999.   Special Week (JPN)   ¥135,318,000   Indigenous (IRE)   ¥53,948,000   High Rise (IRE)   ¥33,474,000   Montjeu (IRE)   ¥20,000,000   Rascal Suzuka (JPN)   ¥13,200,000
26/11/2000.   T.M.Opera O (JPN)   ¥253,486,000   Meisho Doto (JPN)   ¥100,996,000   Fantastic Light (UAE)   ¥63,498,000   Ela Athena (GB)   ¥38,000,000   Daiwa Texas (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
25/11/2001.   Jungle Pocket (JPN)   ¥253,192,000   T.M.Opera O (JPN)   ¥100,912,000   Narita Top Road (JPN)   ¥63,456,000   Stay Gold (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Meisho Doto (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
24/11/2002.   Falbrav (IRE)   ¥253,444,000   Sarafan (USA)   ¥100,980,000   Symboli Kris S (JPN)   ¥63,492,000   Magnaten (USA)   ¥38,000,000   Jungle Pocket (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
30/11/2003.   Tap Dance City (JPN)   ¥253,864,000   That's the Plenty (JPN)   ¥101,104,000   Symboli Kris S (JPN)   ¥63,552,000   Neo Universe (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Active Bio (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
28/11/2004.   Zenno Rob Roy (JPN)   ¥253,360,000   Cosmo Bulk (JPN)   ¥100,960,000   Delta Blues (JPN)   ¥63,480,000   Policy Maker (IRE)   ¥38,000,000   Narita Century (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
27/11/2005.   Alkaased (GB)   ¥253,864,000   Heart's Cry (JPN)   ¥101,104,000   Zenno Rob Roy (JPN)   ¥63,552,000   Lincoln (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Ouija Board (GB)   ¥25,000,000
26/11/2006.   Deep Impact (JPN)   ¥252,352,000   Dream Passport (JPN)   ¥100,672,000   Ouija Board (GB)   ¥63,336,000   Cosmo Bulk (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Fusaichi Pandora (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
25/11/2007.   Admire Moon (JPN)   ¥253,780,000   Pop Rock (JPN)   ¥101,080,000   Meisho Samson (JPN)   ¥63,540,000   Vodka (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Delta Blues (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
30/11/2008.   Screen Hero (JPN)   ¥253,864,000   Deep Sky (JPN)   ¥101,104,000   Vodka (JPN)   ¥63,552,000   Matsurida Gogh (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Oken Buce Lee (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
29/11/2009.   Vodka(JPN)   ¥253,864,000   Oken Bruce Lee (JPN)   ¥101,104,000   Red Desire (JPN)   ¥63,552,000   Conduit (IRE)   ¥38,000,000   Air Shady (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
28/11/2010.   Rose Kingdom (JPN)   ¥253,780,000   Buena Vista (JPN)   ¥101,080,000   Victoire Pisa (JPN)   ¥63,540,000   Jaguar Mail (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Pelusa (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
27/11/2011.   Buena Vista (JPN)   ¥253,444,000   Tosen Jordan (JPN)   ¥100,984,000   Jaguar Mail (JPN)   ¥63,492,000   Trailblazer (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Win Variation (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
25/11/2012.   Gentildonna (JPN)   ¥253,570,000   Orfevre (JPN)   ¥101,020,000   Rulership (JPN)   ¥63,510,000   Dark Shadow (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Fenomeno (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
24/11/2013.   Gentildonna (JPN)   ¥253,780,000   Denim and Ruby (JPN)   ¥101,080,000   Tosen Jordan (JPN)   ¥63,540,000   Admire Rakti (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Dunaden (FR)   ¥25,000,000
30/11/2014.   Epiphaneia (JPN)   ¥253,822,000   Just a Way (JPN)   ¥101,092,000   Spielberg (JPN)   ¥63,546,000   Gentildonna (JPN)   ¥38,000,000   Harp Star (JPN)   ¥25,000,000
29/11/2015.   Shonan Pandora (JPN)   ¥303,780,000   Last Impact (JPN)   ¥121,080,000   Lovely Day (JPN)   ¥75,540,000   Jungle Cruise (JPN)   ¥45,000,000   Sounds of Earth (JPN)   ¥30,000,000
27/11/2016.   Kitasan Black (JPN)   ¥303,738,000   Sounds of Earth (JPN)   ¥121,068,000   Cheval Grand (JPN)   ¥75,534,000   Gold Actor (JPN)   ¥45,000,000   Real Steel (JPN)   ¥30,000,000
26/11/2017.   Cheval Grand (JPN)   ¥303,654,000   Rey de Oro (JPN)   ¥121,044,000   Kitasan Black(JPN)   ¥75,522,000   Makahiki (JPN)   ¥45,000,000   Idaho (IRE)   ¥30,000,000
25/11/2018.   Almond Eye (JPN)   ¥303,024,000   Kiseki (JPN)   ¥120,864,000   Suave Richard (JPN)   ¥75,432,000   Cheval Grand (JPN)   ¥45,000,000   Mikki Swallow (JPN)   ¥30,000,000
                              
Cheers                              


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