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Offline timw

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« 2018-Nov-04, 08:59 AM Reply #50 »
Enable's win in today's Breeder's Cup Turf takes her to number 20 in my list of the word's top earners with earnings of USD 10,682,238.

Offline timw

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« 2018-Nov-28, 10:46 PM Reply #51 »
EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s

Note the information will be updated as information comes to hand.
            
EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s. 
(Must have had first start in Europe)

The record holders are a work in progress and may be altered at any time. 
I have included separately other horses I have discarded as unlikely to be the leading European earner of their era. 
Sometimes the difference between making the list and being discarded is only a few thousand GBP.
If anyone has evidence of another horse I should consider or if you believe any information is incorrect please let me know.
Both Noor and Amerigo raced in England before being sent to USA to race and it is the relatively high USD prizemoney that propelled then to the top of the list.  Ditto for Viva Pataca who went to Hong Kong after starting in England.
All the leaders foaled after the 1960s race outside Europe. As Frankel (GB) 2008 (who some race as the greatest racehorse ever) did not race far from home he had no chance of being a European earnings leader as prizemoney in England is insufficient to compte with the money on offer in Dubai, Hong Kong, USA, Japan and other countries.   
Some of the earnings figures I have below vary substantially from those on pedigreequery or wikipedia.
British newspapers of the 1950-1960s concentrate on whether the leading earner is trained in the UK and they tend to include Ireland as part of the UK. 
Roger Mortimer writing in the Times in the early sixties noted that France was sending its second eleven to England as prizemoney in France was far better yet the French second eleven was still superior to the English stayers and something ought to be done about it.
One of the horses in the 'discard' list is Bon Mot who only had 3 wins yet there is some suggestion his USD earnings would give him a chance a being the leading earner of his era.  While French prizemoney was possibly better than English prizemoney it seems unlikely the figure I have seen is correct.
I have seen 'Sea Bird II' spelt a number of different ways and have elected to go with the way it is spelt here because I like it!
A separate list of of British and Irish trained leading earners would include some of those in the discard list.
Gladiateur is most likely to have earned far more than any European racehorse before him much as Carbine did in Australiasia and as such is, in my opinion, the undisputed record holder of his time. 
            
Gladiateur (FR) 1862      GBP 30,776   USD 235,822      19 starts, 16 wins, 0 seconds, 1 third.
Donovan (GB) 1886   Passed Gladiateur   GBP 55,443   USD 268,595      21 starts: 18 wins, 2 seconds, 1 third.
Isinglass (GB) 1890   Passed Donovan   GBP 57,455   USD 285,814      12 starts: 11 wins, 1 second, 0 thirds.
Noor (IRE) 1945   Passed Isinglass   GBP 134,494   USD 385,211   USD 383,968 pedigreequery and wikipedia   31 starts, 12 wins, 6 seconds, 6 thirds.  Win % 38.7, Place % 77.4.
Amerigo (GB) 1955   Passed Noor   GBP 153,098   USD 428,679      46 starts: 14 wins, 12 seconds, 6 thirds.

Bald Eagle (USA) 1955   Passed Noor or Amerigo ?   USD 670,000+   29 starts, 12 wins (5 x G1r), 5 seconds, 4 thirds.  Win % 41.4, Place % 72.4. 
(had 6 starts in England before going to USA to race - If correct Amerigo, Exbury, Sea Bird and Nijinsky all go to the discards list below)

Exbury (FR) 1959   Passed Exbury   GBP 156,120   USD 437,138      15 or 16 starts: 8 wins, 3 seconds and 3 thirds.
Sea Bird II (FR) 1962   Passed Exbury   GBP 229,411   USD 642,356      8 starts: 7 wins, 1 second and 0 thirds.
Nijinsky II (CAN) 1967   Passed Sea Bird II   GBP 255,984   USD 614,358      13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
Mill Reef (USA) 1968   Passed Nijinsky II   GBP 311,156   USD 766,759   FRF 4,170,476   14 starts: 12 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
Rheingold (IRE) 1969   Passed Mill Reef in GBP and USD but not in FRF   GBP 370,892   USD 919,958   FRF 4,041,703   17 starts, 9 wins (4 x G1), 4 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 52.9, Place % 82.4.
#Dahlia (USA) 1970   Passed Rheingold in GBP, USD and FRF on 27 July 1974.  Also passed Mill Reef in FRF on 27 July 1974.   GBP 673,003   USD 1,541,994   FRF 7,131,752   46 starts: 15 wins, 3 seconds, 7 thirds.
#Allez France (USA) 1970   Passed Rheingold in GBP, USD and FRF on 6 October 1974.   GBP 570,015   USD 1,361,872   FRF 6,232,245   21 starts: 13 wins, 3 seconds, 1 third.
All Along (FR) 1979   Passed Allez France / Dahlia   GBP 2,043,735   USD 2,959,877   FRF 24,018,020   21 starts: 9 wins, 4 seconds, 2 thirds.
Singspiel (IRE) 1992   Passed All Along   GBP 3,259,856   USD 6,113,493   FRF 28,518,684   20 starts: 9 wins, 8 seconds, 0 thirds.
## Fantastic Light (USA) 1996   Passed Singspiel   GBP 5,780,883   USD 8,491,379    FRF / EUR (Raced in both eras)   25 starts: 12 wins, 5 seconds, 3 thirds.
### Viva Pataca (GB) 2002 (late Comic Strip)   Passed Fantastic Light in GBP on 30 May 2010 and USD on 26 April 2009.   GBP 5,996,622   USD 10,549,359   HKD 82,054,910   51 starts: 18 wins, 5 seconds, 10 thirds.  Win % 35.3, Place % 64.7.
Cirrus des Aigles (FR) 2006   Passed Viva Pataca in GBP on 14 Dec 2014 but did not pass Viva Pataca in USD.   GBP 6,151,639   USD 9,791,604   EUR 7,336,430   67 starts: 22 wins, 20 seconds, 6 thirds.
Flintshire (GB) 2010   Passed Cirrus des Aigles in GBP but did not pass Viva Pataca in USD.   GBP 6,414,248   USD 9,602,227   EUR 8,205,359   24 starts: 8 wins, 12 seconds, 1 third.
Highland Reel (IRE) 2012   Passed Flintshire in GBP and Cirrus des Aigles in USD   GBP 7,875,927   USD 10,525,708   EUR 9,395,997   27 starts: 10 wins, 6 seconds, 3 thirds.
Enable (GB) 2014   Passed Highland Reel in GBP and USD only   GBP 8,139,550   USD 10,682,238   EUR 9,230,001   11 starts: 10 wins, 0 seconds and 1 third.
# I have included both Allez France and Dahlia as leading earners as I do not have enough information at this stage to split them.  Perhaps they could have both been leading earners at various times during their careers.               
## I emailed equibase.com about the relative difference between 'racingpost' career earnings of GBP 4,207,029 and equibase.com career earnings of USD 8,486,957 which on the prevailing exchange rates suggests a USD 2,000,000 difference.  equibase.com replied that Fantastic Light earned USD 1,000,000 Emirates World Series bonus for winning the 2000 Hong Kong Cup and another USD 1,000,000 Emirates World Series bonus for winning the 2001 Breeder's Cup Turf run at Belmont, New York, USA. This means the racingpost' figure is understated by the GBP equivalent of USD 2,000,000.
### There is some estimation involved in arriving at Viva Pataca's figure especially around his first 4 starts in Hong Kong but I doubt it is too far off the mark.  All his UK starts were covered by the 'racingpost'.         

DISCARDS         
Kincsem (HUN) 1874 (mare)   GBP ???   USD ???   55 starts, 54 wins and 1 dead heat (she won the run-off), (3 x G1 retrospective) 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
St Simon (GB) 1881   GBP ???   USD ???   9 starts, 9 wins , 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Ormonde (GB) 1883   GBP 28,495   USD 138,447   16 starts, 16 wins (5 x G1 retrospective), 0 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Ayrshire (GB) 1885   GBP 35,900   USD 174,698   16 starts, 11 wins (3 x G1 retrospective), 1 second and 3 thirds.  Win % 68.8, Place % 93.8.
La Fleche (GB) 1889 (mare)   GBP 34,585   USD ???   24 starts, 16 wins, 3 seconds and 2 thirds.  Win % 66.7, Place % 87.5.
Orme (GB) 1889   GBP 32,528   USD ???   18 starts, 14 wins, 3 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 77.8, Place % 94.4
Persimmon (GB) 1893   GBP 34,706   USD ???   9 starts, 7 wins, 1 second, 1 thirds.  Win % 77.8, Place % 100.0.
Flying Fox (GB) 1896   GBP 40,096   USD ???   11 starts, 9 wins (4 x G1 retrospective), 2 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 81.8, Place % 100.0.
Ksar (FR) 1918   GBP 32,325   USD 118,589   15 starts: 11 wins, 3 seconds, 0 thirds, 1 unplaced.  Win % 73.3, Place % 93.3.
Bahram (IRE) 1932   over GBP 43,000      9 starts, 9 wins, 0 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Nearco (ITY) 1935   ITL 1,000,500 + FRF ? For 1st Grand Prix de Paris (BEofBFR)      14 starts, 14 wins, 0 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 100.0, Place % 100.0.
Tulyar (IRE) 1949   GBP 76,696   USD 214,750   13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
*Ribot (GB) 1952   GBP 102,198   USD 286,156   16 starts: 16 wins, 0 second, 0 thirds.
* The French franc was revalued in 1960 so that 100 old francs became 1 'New Franc' This meant that my estimate of Ribot's worldwide earnings of FRF 83,288,656 francs was worth just 832,886 'New Francs' (FRF 832,886) by 1960 (see eg 'https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_franc' for further information)           
Ballymoss (IRE) 1954   GBP 107,165 or GBP 114,150 (both wikipedia)   USD 299,411   13 starts: 11 wins, 2 seconds, 0 thirds.
Ragusa (IRE) 1960   GBP 146,650   USD 421,147   12 starts, 7 wins (4 x G1 (retrospective)), 1 second and 2 thirds.  Win % 58.3, Place % 83.3
Relko (FR) 1960   GBP 149,136      
Baldric II (USA) 1961   GBP 149,302   USD 418,049   12 starts, 5 wins , 3 seconds and 1 thirds.  Win % 41.7, Place % 75.0.
Santa Claus (GB) 1961      USD 387,124   7 starts, 4 wins, 2 seconds and 0 thirds.  Win % 57.1, Place % 85.7.
Bon Mot (FR) 1963   GBP 141,041   USD 393,099   13 starts, 4 wins, 3 seconds and 3 thirds.  Win % 30.8, Place % 76.9.
Charlottown (GB) 1963   GBP 122,100   USD 341,361   11 starts, 7 wins, 3 seconds, 0 thirds.  Win % 63.6, Place % 90.6
Ribocco (USA) 1964   GBP 155,669   USD 401,986   14 starts, 5 wins, 5 seconds and 3 thirds.  Win % 35.7, Place % 92.9.
Royal Palace (GB) 1964   GBP 166,063   USD 307,798   11 starts, 9 wins, 1 second, 1 third.  Win % 81.8, Place % 90.9.
Sir Ivor (USA) 1965      USD 560,760   13 starts, 8 wins, 3 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 61.5, Place % 92.3.
Brigadier Gerard (GB) 1968   GBP 253,025      18 starts, 17 wins, 1 second, 0 thirds.  Win % 94.4, Place % 100.0.
Grundy (IRE) 1972   GBP 324,489   USD 716,169   11 starts: 8 wins (5 x G1 (retrospective)), 2 seconds, 1 third.  Win % 72.7, Place % 90.9.
Blushing Groom (FR) 1974      USD 407153 or USD 372,802   10 starts: 7 wins (5 x G1), 1 second, 2 thirds.  Win % 70.0, Place % 100.0.
Alleged (USA) 1974   GBP 340,598   USD 630,562   10 starts: 9 wins (2 x G1), 1 second, 0 thirds.  Win % 90.0, Place % 100.0.
J O Tobin (USA) 1974   GBP 365,621   USD 659,608   21 starts: 12 wins (2 x G1), 2 seconds, 2 thirds.
The Minstrel (CAN) 1974   GBP 333,197   USD 570,605   9 starts: 7 wins (4 x Group 1), 1 second, 1 third.
Erin's Isle (IRE) 1978         
^Theatrical (IRE) 1982   GBP 1,832,291   USD 2,942,004   22 starts: 10 wins, 4 seconds, 2 thirds.
^^Miesque (USA) 1984   GBP 1,157,916   USD 1,973,172   16 starts: 12 wins (10 x G1 (7 x FR, 1 x GB, 2 x USA)), 3 seconds, 1 third.
Kotashaan (FR) 1988   GBP 1,774,295   USD 2,664,362   22 starts, 10 wins (5 x G1), 5 seconds, 2 thirds.
Ouija Board (GB) 2001   GBP 3,443,479   USD 6,307,755   22 starts: 10 wins (7 x G1), 3 seconds, 5 thirds.
Zarkava (IRE) 2005   GBP 2,629,768   USD 4,801,038   7 starts: 7 wins (5 x G1), 0 seconds, 0 thirds.
Danedream (GER) 2008   GBP 3,196,441   USD 5,027,014   17 starts: 8 wins (5 x G1), 0 seconds, 4 thirds.
Frankel (GB) 2008   GBP 2,998,302   USD 4,788,386   14 starts: 14 wins (10 x Group 1), 0 second, 0 thirds.
Treve (FR) 2010   GBP 5,930,560   USD 9,516,031   13 starts: 9 wins (6 x Group 1), 1 second, 1 third.
Found (IRE) 2012   GBP 5,525,377   USD 7,647,067   21 starts: 6 wins (3 x Group 1), 11 seconds and 3 thirds.
Cracksman (GB) 2014   GBP 2,799,254   USD 3,681,356   11 starts: 8 wins (4 x Group 1), 2 seconds, 1 third.
Thunder Snow (IRE) 2014   GBP 6,665,592   USD 9,073,534   21 starts: 7 wins (3 x Group 1), 6 seconds, 3 thirds.
         
^ Theatrical's figure relies on an estimate of earnings from one Irish and one German start and some other guesswork as to timing of amounts earned for exchange rate purposes however it is unlikely the figures above are out by more than a few thousand GBP or USD.  The USD figure above splits the equibase and pedigreequery career USD figures but that is probably a fluke on my part.           
^^ Some guesswork re Miesque's two UK starts but error unlikly to be more that GBP 10,000         
« Last Edit: 2019-Jan-17, 07:56 PM by timw »

Offline timw

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« 2018-Dec-09, 10:19 AM Reply #52 »
First mare to earn more than USD 1,000,000

Allez France (USA) 1970 v Dahlia (USA) 1970

According to Allez France’s Wikipedia page at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allez_France :  Allez France was the first filly in Thoroughbred horse racing history to earn $1 million, according to the United States National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. However, Sports Illustrated says that Dahlia was "the first filly to win $1 million (just before Allez did it)", and the U.S. National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame contradicts itself by saying that Dahlia was "the first female Thoroughbred to earn $1 million."

Allez France

Allez France’s career record:  21 starts, 13 wins (8 x G1), 3 seconds and 1 third.  Win % 61.9, Place % 81.0. 

She raced in France, 18 times,  England twice for 2 seconds in the Champion Stakes and her last race was in the USA in the National Thoroughbred Championship Hcp at Santa Anita over 10f of dirt where she ran 11th of 11.  She had never raced on dirt before. I understand this race was being promoted as a big money dirt lead up race to the Washington DC International (it was run the week before) but I have no further information about the race. 
Allez France competed against Dahlia on 8 occasions (they also raced on the same date as 2YOs but possibly in different races) and on each of those 8 occasions Allez France beat Dahlia home.  Allez France won seven of them.  The closest Dahlia came was a second in the Prix de Diane.  The only time Allez France did not win the race in which both competed was the 1975 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe where she finished fifth (as defending champion) to Dahlia’s 15th.

Even though Allez France had one race in the USA her career summary record does not appear on equibase.com.   

Her career summary and race record (limited details)does appear on ‘france-galop.com’ in euros not French francs even though the franc was the currency at the time she raced.  From looking at a number of horse earnings details from the pre euro period (pre 1 January 1999) it seems all pre 1 January 1999 French francs amounts of ‘france-galop’ were converted to euros at the rate of €1 = 6.55957FF which was the agreed rate on the introduction of the Euro on 1 January 1999.  As the euro did not exist when Allez France raced there is no rate of exchange to work out her earnings in other currencies so I have converted the euros back to French francs first.   Ditto for Dahlia.

According to Wikipedia, ‘pedigreequery’ and ‘amercanclassicpedigrees’ Allez France career earnings were USD 1,386,146. She is not inducted into the US National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame although her trainer for 1974 and 1975 Angel Penna was inducted and it is under his bio that the reference to her becoming the first mare to win USD 1,000,000 is made.

Doing the best I can with the limited information at my fingertips I have her career earnings as follows:
France earnings in FRF:       FRF 5,996,650  (Starts 18: 13-1-1-3)
England earnings in GBP:    GBP 23,859.00  (Starts 2: 0-2-0-0)
United States earnings in USD:  USD 0.00  (Starts 1: 0-0-0-1)

I have converted these amounts to calculate worldwide earnings into FRF, USD, GBP and AUD amounts as follows:
FRF 6,232,244.70
USD 1,361,871.54
GBP 570,015.08
AUD 980,494.42

(This is based on Reserve Bank of Australia (rba.gov.au.statistics/…) monthly exchange rates as published for the month the race for USD and GBP amounts and annual rates at PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service http://fx.sauder.ubc.ca to convert to FRF amounts to USD first before converting into other currencies.  During the period both horses raced currency rates were fixed by governments but there were ‘unofficial’ rates offered by banks.  World governments were considering moving to the floating rates we are familiar with today which happened later.  Reuters were publishing daily rates during this period but they do not appear to be on the internet.)   

Amazingly my USD figure is close to the USD 1,386,146 other sources quote.

Dahlia

Dahlia’s career record:  48 starts, 15 wins (10 x G1), 3 seconds and 7 thirds.  Win % 31.3, Place % 52.1.

Even though she couldn’t beat Allez France at home she had a fantastic international career winning two King George’s and a Washington DC International among her 10 Group 1 wins as well as winning a Canadian International (then a Group 2 race).  Dahlia ran twice on dirt in the USA but was not placed among the 13 starts she had in the US in 1976 as a six year old.  (Allez France retired after her five year old season.)

Again, doing the best I can with the limited information at my fingertips I have her career earnings as follows:
France earnings in FRF:  FRF 1,929,300  (Starts 21: 5-3-3-10)
Ireland earnings in Irish Pounds:  IEP 22,474.00  (Starts 1: 1-0-0-0)
England earnings in GBP:  GBP 253,865.50  (Starts 6: 4-0-2-0)
United States earnings in USD:  USD 361,699.40  (Starts 17: 4-0-2-11)
Canada earnings in Canadian Dollars:  CAD 102,972.00  (Starts 2: 1-0-0-1)
Italian earnings in Lira:  ITL 0.00  (Starts 1: 0-0-0-1)

I have converted these amounts to calculate worldwide earnings into FRF, USD, GBP and AUD amounts on the same basis as for Allez France  (using annual rates for FRF, CAD and ITL amounts (IEP = GBP then) to arrive at the following amounts:
FRF 7,131,770.85
USD 1,541,997.76
GBP 673,004.66
AUD 1,112,618.20

My USD figure is close enough to the ‘equibase.com’ figure of USD 1,489,105 to suggest that I am in the ball park.  As one might expect the US National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame total is the same as the ‘equibase.com’ total.

Dahlia’s 1973 earnings -

The major difference between my figure and the ‘equibase.com’ figure  is Dahlia’s 1973 earnings which I have at USD 587,789 and equibase.com has at USD 541,577 so some further work required here. 

A possible reason for the difference is the amount of French francs earned by Dahlia in winning the Prix St Alary (G1) at Longchamp on 20 May 1973.  ‘france-galop’ has earnings of EUR 71,834 which equates to FRF 471,200 while ‘galop-seiger’ has first prize as FRF 350,000.   If FRF 350,000 is plugged into the calculations the USD total falls to USD 1,514,778 a reduction of USD 27,218. 

The million dollar milestone

If first prize for the Prix St Alary is FRF 471,200 then:

-   Dahlia passed the USD 1,000,000 total on 20 August 1974 when she won Benson & Hedges Gold Cup (G1) at Yorkt
-   Allez France passed USD 1,000,000 total on 6 October 1974 when she won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (GI) at Longchamp .

If first prize for the Prix St Alary is FRF 350,000 the answer is still the same albeit the margin for error is only about USD 3,000.

If the benchmark was set at FRF 5,000,000 Allez France exceeded that total on 6 October 1974 and Dahlia six days later. 

If the benchmark was set at GBP 500,000 Dahlia exceeded that total on 9 November 1974 whereas Allez France took until 4 May 1975.   

I need some more information before I can publish detailed race records. 

« Last Edit: 2018-Dec-18, 10:05 PM by timw »

Offline timw

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« 2018-Dec-20, 09:18 PM Reply #53 »
International earnings comparisons – some observations

Australia and New Zealand seem to be the only major racing countries that include the value of trophies in their career earnings figures.  Winx has earned AUD 647,150 in trophies to date.  The British do not include bonuses whereas the Americans do.  Winx earned AUD 30,000 in BOBS bonuses as a 2YO which is trivial compared to the several million some horses have earned (eg Fantastic Light (USA) 1996) (equibase.com (USA) included the bonuses whereas racingpost.com (Britain) did not). 

In Australia we now have the ridiculous situation where a horse’s New South Wales earnings are counted after amounts are deducted for jockey and equine welfare whereas in Victoria the gross amount is included in a horse’s earnings before the deduction is made. 

Offline timw

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« 2019-Jan-08, 09:08 PM Reply #54 »
I have updated the list of European bred or trained leading money earners since the 1960s.  Noor (IRE) 1945 is the big mover.  He won a bundle in the USA which meant giving Tulyar and Ribot the boot from the list.  They now appear in the discards list.  According to one report I read the Aga Khan only sold Noor to the USA because an American wanted to buy another horse he owned and the Aga Khan said he can only have the one he wanted if he took Noor as well.  Noor's complete race record has been posted under race records of international champions and I assume tontonan has supplied the photo.   

Cheers   

Offline timw

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« 2019-Jan-15, 07:58 PM Reply #55 »
I have updated "EUROPEAN BRED OR TRAINED EARNINGS RECORD HOLDERS SINCE THE 1860s." to include as a subtitle "(Must have had first start in Europe)".  This means Viva Pataca (GB) 2002 (late Comic Strip)  falls between Fantastic Light and Cirrus des Aigles.  This also means Makybe Diva can never be considered a European.
« Last Edit: 2019-Jan-15, 08:04 PM by timw »


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